14 November 2019

Korea's 4.5-Generation Fighter KF-X Targets Southeast Asian Market

14 November 2019


KFX fighter (image : naver)

SACHEON, South Gyeongsang Province ― A joint fighter jet development project between South Korea and Indonesia, widely known as the KF-X or Korean Fighter eXperimental aircraft project, has a great potential in the Southeast Asian market with its low price.

The KF-X fighter jet is a 4.5-generation fighter jet whose "stealth" technologies fall behind those of fifth-generation fighters like the U.S.' F-35s or F-22s. The KF-X, however, has a great price advantage with 65 percent of its parts localized.

The project is going smoothly, an official with the Korean Aerospace Industries said Tuesday, during a presentation of the project review for reporters visiting the company headquarters in Sacheon, South Gyeongsang Province. The South Korean government contracted the KAI in December 2015 to complete the development of KF-X by 2028.

If successfully developed, the KF-X would be a platform targeting the Southeast Asian markets, industry watchers say, as the operating expenses for a KF-X jet are around half of those of the U.S. F-35A.

The KF-X project is the biggest project since the foundation of the South Korean military with its total budget being about 8.8 trillion won ($7.56 billion). The South Korean and Indonesian governments cover 60 percent and 20 percent of the budget, respectively, while South Korean defense companies make 20 percent of contribution.

The 14-year project that began in 2015 is divided into two phases, with the systems development for the basic flight performance and air-to-air combat capability to be completed by 2026, followed by additional armaments for air-to-surface combat capabilities by 2028.

With the critical design review for the KF-X conducted September this year, following the preliminary design review in June 2018, the first KF-X fighter jet prototype is set to be rolled out in the first half of 2021. The first test flight will be conducted a year later. After 2,100 test flights set to be completed by the first half of 2026, the KAI will produce six of the first KF-X fighter jets that year.

The South Korean government unveiled a full-sized mock-up of the KF-X during the International Aerospace and Defense Exhibition (ADEX), the country's biennial defense exhibition held Oct. 15 to 20.


KFX fighter (photo : fomos)

A KF-X jet is 11.2 meters wide and 16.9 meters long, with the height being 4.6 meters. As a twin-engine aircraft deploying stealth technologies, the KF-X fighter's look is similar to that of the U.S. F-22 Raptor.

Each engine of a KF-X develops a maximum thrust of 22,000 pounds, with the aircraft's total maximum thrust being 44,000 pounds. The jet has a max take-off weight of 25,600 kilograms and can fly as fast as Mach 1.8. It has a cruising distance of 2,900 kilometers.

Its maximum payload of 7,700 kilograms, in particular, enables multiple weapons to be armed in its 10 pods for missiles and fuel barrels.

For missiles loaded in the KF-X fighter jet, the project has also engaged the European market.

The South Korean government had initially negotiated with the U.S. side to load U.S. air-to-air missiles such as AIM-120C advanced medium range missiles called AMRAAM or AIM-9X Sidewinder. But the U.S. government said it could not offer the armament technologies before South Korea rolls out the first KF-X jet prototype. The South Korean government, accordingly, decided to integrate missiles produced in Europe.

They include Germany's IRIS-T short-range guided air-to-air missiles to be mounted on respective wingtip launchers, the U.K.'s Meteor long-range air-to-air missiles.

The KF-X jet would deploy domestic missiles for air-to-surface combat, including the Korean BLU-109 LJDAM (laser joint direct attack munition), KGGB (Korea GPS guided bomb) and the country's own air-launched long-range bunker buster cruise missile developed by LIG Nex1, modeled after the Taurus KEPD 350 long-range precision-guided cruise missile.

Core equipment of the KF-X jet have been developed with domestic technologies, including AESA (active electronically scanned arrays) radar, IRST (infrared search and track) equipment, EO TGP (electro-optical target tracking) devices and EW (electronic warfare) suite.

The deployment of AESA in the fighter jet, in particular, is the first such attempt by the South Korean military, which has been using it for its domestic medium-range surface-to-air Chungoong missile and search radar for the Navy's next-generation frigate.

(Korea Times)

Navy Pushing to Seal Contract for Missile-Armed Interdiction Crafts from Israel this Year

14 November 2019


Shaldaq class FAIC-M (photo : Israel Shipyards)

Philippine Navy chief Vice Admiral Robert Empedrad told reporters on November 11 at the anniversary celebration of Philippine Marine Corps that the contract for acquisition of fast attack interdiction craft – missile (FAIC-M) from Israel is being pushed to be signed before 2019 ends.

“Mukhang makakakuha tayo ng budget of P10 billion. We are pushing it to be signed this year,” Vice Admiral Empedrad said as quoted by Inquirer.net.

“Israel said that if we sign the contract by next year, hindi mai-dedeliver within the term of the President. If we sign this year, it will all be delivered by March 2022, which is very good for the term of the President,” he added.

In June this year, the Navy spokesperson said “the FAICM is intended for the refleeting program of our eight Patrol Killer Medium (PKM) and Fast Attack Craft Patrols, which are employed for maritime interdiction operations.”

“With the FAICM, the PN shall have the capability to defend the key sea lines of communications (SLOCs), such as Mindoro, Balabac, Sibutu and Basilan Straits against conventional threats. Operating in restricted waters, the FAICMs can interdict surface threats and launch NLOS missiles safely using the surrounding littoral areas as maneuver space and cover,” the Navy spokesperson added.

The Philippine Navy is also programmed to acquire 2 new corvettes and 6 offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) under Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Modernization Program Second Horizon.

(Mintfo)

PT Dahana Siapkan Produksi Roket S8 Kom dan Bangun Pabrik di Timor Leste

14 November 2019


Roket S8 Kom (image : Yugoimport)

Prabowo Sebut Industri Pertahanan Banyak Kurangnya, Ini Kata BUMN

Jakarta - Menteri Pertahanan Prabowo Subianto mengunjungi pabrik PT Pindad (Persero) beberapa waktu lalu. Dari kunjungan itu, Prabowo berpandangan jika industri pertahanan nasional masih banyak kekurangannya.

Apa kata PT Dahana (Persero) sebagai salah satu Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) yang bergerak di industri pertahanan?

Presiden Direktur Dahana Budi Antono memaparkan, saat ini sebenarnya sudah ada Komite Kebijakan Industri Pertahanan (KKIP). Kemudian, dia menyebut jika alat pertahanan sudah disertifikasi maka sudah bisa dibeli TNI.

Namun, dia bilang, ada sejumlah barang yang justru didatangkan dari luar negeri alias impor.

"Sebetulnya kita punya KKIP Komite Kebijakan Industri Pertahanan, barang siapa yang sudah tersertifikat, akreditasi itu boleh TNI beli ke industri lokal. Contohnya, Dahana, Pindad, DI (Dirgantara) PAL. Kadang-kadang belinya keluar," jelasnya di Kementerian BUMN Jakarta, Selasa (12/11/2019).

Pihaknya tak menyebut barang-barang yang dimaksud. Namun, dia tak menepis untuk alat pertahanan dengan teknologi canggih Dahana belum bisa memproduksi. Dahana sendiri, kata dia, sudah bisa memproduksi bom dan roket.

"Teknologi canggih kita akui kita belum bisa. Kalau Dahana bisa bikin bom sudah ada sertifikatnya, terus nanti ada Roket S8 Kom tahun depan diuji dinamis pakai Sukhoi," ujarnya.


Pemakaian alat pertahanan yang dipasok oleh BUMN nasional ke Kementerian Pertahanan (Kemenhan) ataupun TNI pun masih minim. Menurut Budi, saat ini baru sekitar 13%. Terkait minimnya pemakaian alat pertahanan ini, ia meminta agar ditanyakan ke Kemenhan ataupun TNI.

"Kita tergabung holding National Defence and Hightech Industries (NDHI). Kita itung-itung yang dibeli TNI atau Kemhan itu 13%. Kita maunya 35% dengan produksi dalam negeri," ujarnya.

"(Kenapa?) Tanya deh ke sana. (Menurut Dahana?) Apa namanya saya nggak tahu, mungkin NDHI belum bisa buat macam-macam, mereka (untuk) kemampuan juga, jadi mereka belinya dari luar. Tapi kalau Dahana bisa bikin bom, roket bisa bikin S8 Kom harusnya dibeli," jelasnya.

Prabowo sebelumnya mengunjungi Pindad untuk mempersiapkan arah industri pertahanan ke depan. Menurutnya, industri pertahanan masih banyak masalah.

"Ya kekurangannya banyak sekali ya. Kehidupan kan selalu penuh kekurangan. Sekarang masalahnya adalah bagaimana kita cari solusi terhadap kekurangan-kekurangan tersebut," kata Prabowo di Kompleks MPR/DPR, Senayan, Jakarta, Senin (11/11/2019). Prabowo menjawab pertanyaan soal kekurangan industri pertahanan usai mengunjungi Pindad. (Detik)

PT Dahana Akan Bangun Pabrik Bahan Peledak di Timur Leste

Jakarta – Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) yang bergerak di sektor bahan peledak, PT Dahana (Persero) akan membangun pabrik penghasil bahan peledak di Timor Leste. Pembangunan pabrik tersebut akan dimulai pada tahun 2020 mendatang.

Setelah bom menyusul roket pesawat Sukhoi akan dibikin di dalam negeri (photo : ngeair)

Presiden Direktur PT Dahana Budi Antono menerangkan, pembangunan pabrik bahan peledak di Timur Leste merupakan langkah ekspansi bisnis perseroan ke pasar ASEAN. Pembangunan pabrik itu juga menjadi langkah awal Dahana mengembangkan bisnisnya di Timur Leste karena negara tersebut punya potensi pasar yang besar.

“Awalnya, Timor Leste ingin mandiri dalam bidang bahan peledak. Jadi Dahana diundang untuk bikin pabrik di sana. Dahana langsung mengiyakan. Karena kalau tidak diambil maka perusahaan Australia yang akan masuk ke Timor Leste. Ini peluang bagus untuk Dahana,” kata Budi di Kementerian BUMN, Jakarta, Selasa, 12 November 2019.

Dari sisi kapasitas, lanjut Budi, pabrik di Timor Leste memang relatif kecil. Kapasitas produksinya hanya sekitar 1.000 ton per tahun. Investasi yang dibutuhkan sekitar Rp10-15 miliar. Namun dari sisi peluang bisnis, pabrik tersebut sangat menjanjikan. Timor Leste secara geografis dipenuhi pegunungan dan perbukitan, maka pembangunan terowongan untuk infrastruktur akan banyak dibutuhkan.

“Timor Leste bikin pelabuhan, Tibar Bay Port. Jadi yang tadinya gunung, dilakukan cut and field dan dijadikan pelabuhan. Prosesnya tentu butuh bahan peledak. Kami ekspor bahan peledak ke Timor Leste untuk mendukung proyek tersebut,” ujar Budi.

Pembangunan pabrik tersebut diproyeksi hanya membutuhkan waktu enam bulan untuk pengerjaan konstruksi. Dalam waktu dekat ini, Dahana akan menerima kunjungan dari pihak Timor Leste untuk mematangkan rencana pembangunan pabrik tersebut.

Dahana sendiri saat ini tengah menggarap dua proyek prioritas, yakni pembangunan pabrik ammonium nitrat di Bontang, dan pabrik propelan di Subang. Kedua proyek tersebut masing-masing membutuhkan investasi sebesar Rp1,1 triliun dan Rp2,3 triliun.

(InfoBank)

13 November 2019

HMAS Adelaide and HMAS Canberra Achieve Final Operational Capability

13 November 2019


RAN Landing Helicopter Docks (all photos : RAN)

Navy's largest warships achieve new milestone

The Royal Australian Navy now has one of the most capable and sophisticated amphibious deployment systems in the world, with the Fleet’s Landing Helicopter Docks achieving final operational capability.

At 230-metres long and with a speed of more than 20 knots, the 27,500 tonne ships are home-ported at Garden Island, Sydney.

Each ship has the ability to support six helicopters, and four small landing craft which areable to carry Army’s M1A1 main battle tank.

Minister for Defence, Senator the Hon Linda Reynolds CSC said HMA Ships Adelaide and Canberra are ready to be deployed on amphibious operations such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and amphibious warfare.



“The Australian Defence Force’s amphibious capability is an integral part of Australia’s strategic posture and this milestone is another step in Navy’s roadmap to delivering amphibious excellence,” Minister Reynolds said.

Chief of Navy, Vice Admiral Michael Noonan AO, RAN, said Navy is closer to achieving a resilient, sustained and integrated Navy supported by our workforce, as outlined in the Plan Pelorus strategy for 2022.

“As we transition to a more technologically advanced Navy, our goal is to be capable of conducting sustained combat operations as part of a Joint Force,” Vice Admiral Noonan said.

(Aus DoD)

PCG Receives Patrol Boat, Portable X-Ray Detector from Japan

13 November 2019


15 meter patrol boat and portable X-ray detector from Japan (all photos : PCG)

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) has received a 15-meter patrol boat and an x-ray inspection machine from the Embassy of Japan in the Philippines to further enhance maritime safety, maritime security, and maritime law enforcement, as well as marine environmental protection and maritime search and rescue the country today at the PCG National Headquarters today, 11 November 2019.

The 15-meter patrol boat runs at 29 knots with a capacity of up to 14 passengers suitable for quick response operations and retrieval missions. It is also capable of accosting alleged terrorists, intruders, and/or poachers within the Philippine territory.

The x-ray inspection machine, on the other hand, is compact and battery-operated equipment suitable for inspection in high or narrow places. It is controlled using a remote with a distance of up to 20 meters, which provides real-time inspection images.



Minister Masahiro Nakata of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Embassy of Japan said that nation is looking forward to boost its strategic relations with the Philippines on evolving challenges in the future, specifically in protecting its territorial waters and marine resources.

“Our commitment to the Philippines is far from over. Rest assured that we will further support the operations of the PCG by providing high-quality assets and by instilling the latest maritime know-hows to its technical personnel,” Minister Nakata said.



Moreover, PCG Commandant Vice Admiral Joel Garcia PCG Ph.D., H.D., Al-haj expressed his gratitude to Minister Nakata and to the Embassy of Japan for granting the request of the Philippine government to strengthen its efforts to counter attacks of terrorism through the acquisition of maritime security assets.

“Our strong cooperation with Japan aids our efforts in preventing terror attacks, specifically kidnap for ransom within Philippine waters which, not only enhances maritime security, but also increases the number of economic undertakings in the region,” Vice Admiral Garcia said.

(PCG)

Indonesia Jajaki Pembelian Pesawat Angkut Baru

13 November 2019


Pesawat A400M Angkatan Udara Inggris (photo : RAF)

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Wakil Kepala Staf Angkatan Udara, Marsekal Madya TNI Fahru Zaini, mengatakan lembaga TNI memiliki perencanaan strategis untuk membeli pesawat angkut berat untuk 2020 – 2024.

Ini akan dibahas dan diputuskan oleh Dewan Penentuan Pengadaan. Dewan ini akan membahas kebutuhan operasional dan spesifikasi teknis jenis pesawat angkut berat yang dibutuhkan.

“Kita akan lihat bujet kita di perencanaan strategis seperti apa,” kata Fahru Zaini kepada media seusai mendengarkan penjelasan dari manajemen Airbus di Bandara Udara Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta, pada Selasa, 12 November 2019.

Manajemen Airbus sedang menawarkan pesawat angkut kargo A400M milik Angkatan Udara Inggris ke pemerintah Indonesia. Pesawat ini tiba di Bandara Halim Perdanakusuma pada Selasa, 12 November 2019. Pesawat akan langsung berangkat ke Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia pada sore hari.

Menurut Fahru, AU mendapat sejumlah tawaran untuk membeli pesawat angkut seperti jenis Hercules, Antonov dan Ilyushin.

Kementerian BUMN dan TNI AU

Soal pesawat A400M ini, Fahru mengatakan Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara sedang menjajaki kemungkinan membeli pesawat itu. Proses penjajakan antara kementerian BUMN dan manajemen Airbus sedang berlangsung.

Menurut dia, pesawat angkut berkapasitas besar dibutuhkan dalam program jembatan udara, yang menjadi program pemerintah. Pesawat itu akan mengangkut sejumlah kargo yang dibutuhkan di Indonesia bagian timur. Ini agar harga barang kebutuhan masyarakat di kawasan Indonesia bagian timur bisa sama dengan kawasan lain di Indonesia.

Jika pesawat ini jadi dibeli, TNI AU akan bertugas untuk mengoperasikannya. Bandara Halim Perdanakusuma juga akan menjadi pangkalan dari pesawat A400M ini.

TNI AU akan diuntungkan jika kementerian BUMN jadi membeli pesawat ini. Misalnya untuk mengangkut helikopter ke kawasan Indonesia timur secara langsung tanpa transit.

Menurut Komandan Sayap Royal Air Force Inggris, Ed Horne, yang ikut memberikan penjelasan singkat di lokasi, pesawat ini memilik kelebihan dibandingkan pesawat angkut C 130 Hercules.

“Bisa terbang lebih jauh dua kali dengan membawa kargo dua kali lebih banyak,” kata Ed Horne. Menurut dia, pesawat A400M milik AU Inggris ikut membantu memberikan bantuan bagi korban gempa bumi dan tsunami di Palu pada 2018.

Horne juga mengatakan pesawat ini memiliki kemampuan untuk lepas landas dari landasan pendek sekitar 800 meter – 1 kilometer. Ini terbukti saat kru A400M melakukan bantuan kemanusiaan di kawasan Karibia, yang diterpa badai.

Menurut Kepala Pertahanan dan Antariksa Airbus Asia – Pasifik, John Pelissier, dia belum bisa mengungkap mengenai harga per unit pesawat A400M yang sedang ditawarkan kepada pemerintah Indonesia.

Namun, Pelissier mengatakan ada skema pembiayaan yang disiapkan oleh Airbus jika pemerintah Indonesia berminat untuk membeli pesawat ini.

Media Aviation Week melansir pemerintah Malaysia membeli 4 unit pesawat A400M ini pada 2005 dan menerima penyerahan pertama pada 2015. Mengutip seorang pejabat Malaysia, harga keempat pesawat itu disebut sekitar US$740 juta atau sekitar Rp10.4 triliun atau sekitar Rp2.6 triliun per unit.

(Tempo)

Singapore Air Force Concludes KC-135R Operations

13 Oktober 2019


The service’s fleet of four Stratotankers has now been retired in favour of six Airbus A330 MRTTs (photo : wiki)

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) ceased operating its four Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft in June, with the new A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) taking over its roles in providing air-to-air refuelling (AAR), airlift support, and aeromedical evacuation for the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), service officials revealed during a media briefing held at 112 Squadron on 11 November.

Singapore acquired four ex-United States Air Force (USAF) KC-135A Stratotanker aircraft in 1996 - which are understood to have been worth approximately USD280 million at the time - to complement its existing air-refuelling tanker fleet of four Lockheed Martin KC-130Bs and one KC-130H Hercules platform.

The Stratotankers were upgraded to the KC-135R configuration by Boeing following reactivation from storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base's Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group and delivered to the RSAF at its newly stood up Peace Guardian training detachment at the USAF's McConnell Air Force Base in Kansas from 1999. The first KC-135R aircraft returned to Singapore in September 2000, with the fleet - operated by 112 Squadron based at Changi Air Base (West) - attaining full operational capability (FOC) in August 2002.

Major updates incorporated into the KC-135R included CFM International CFM56 (F108) turbofan engines that were up to 25% more efficient at cruising speeds and offered more reliability than the original J57 turbojets.

The type also benefited from a new glass cockpit and avionics suite under the USAF's Pacer CRAG (Compass, Radar, and GPS) programme, which had been designed to reduce workload through automation of many of the cockpit functions and coupled with modern human factor engineering techniques. This enabled the aircraft to be operated without a dedicated navigator and reducing the cockpit crew complement to two.

(Jane's)