26 April 2019

Mengenal Kemampuan BT-3F yang Dipilih Marinir Indonesia

26 April 2019


Kendaraan pendarat amfibi BT-3F (photo : bronetechnikamira)

Kementerian Pertahanan dilaporkan telah menandatangani pengadaan kendaraan tempur amfibi BMP-3F dan kendaraan angkut personel BT-3F untuk Korps Marinir TNI Angkatan Laut dengan Rusia. Pemerintah Indonesia akan menambah 22 unit tank BMP-3F dan membawa 21 unit BT-3F ke Indonesia.

BMP-3F tidak asing lagi bagi Marinir Indonesia karena ini adalah pengadaan ketiga kalinya. Sedangkan untuk 21 unit pengadaan tank angkut personel BT-3F merupakan yang pertama. Apa kehebatan yang ditawarkan BT-3F?


Cutaway ranratfib BT-3F (image : Vestnik)

Kendaraan angkut personel lapis baja atau armoured personnel carriers (APC)  BT -3F dibangun oleh Concern Tractor Plants (KTZ) dan pada September 2016 sebuah prototipe dari kendaraan tempur amfibi ini baru diluncurkan.

Kendaraan tempur amfibi BT-3F dibangun dengan maksud untuk digunakan oleh Angkatan Darat, Angkatan Laut dan Korps Marinir Rusia. Kendaraan ini akan memberikan kemampuan manuver yang tinggi, proteksi lapis baja dan dukungan tembakan  langsung untuk pasukan di darat dan di laut. Kendaraan ini dirancang untuk transportasi  infanteri, amunisi, peralatan dan mesin ke medan perang.

Perkembangan kendaraan lapis baja BT-3F dimulai pada 2010. Amfibi BT-3F didasarkan pada kendaraan tempur amfibi BMP-3F marinir  yang berasal dari BMP-3 IFV.


Tampak depan BT-3F (photo : yuripasholok)

IFV baru diantisipasi untuk menggantikan kendaraan lapis baja pengangkut personel amfibi MT-LB Rusia yang sudah tua.

Kendaraan tempur amfibi BT-3F didasarkan pada chassis track  dan fitur lambung lapis baja. Kendaraan memiliki panjang  7m, lebar 3,3 meter dan tinggi  3 meter serta berat kotor  18,5 ton.

Kendaraan lapis baja diawaki oleh tiga  awak dan dapat membawa sampai 14 tentara. Pengemudi duduk di tengah-tengah lambung, sementara kursi komandan dan asisten  komandan ditempatkan di  kedua sisi pengemudi.

Kru masuk dan keluar dari kendaraan melalui pintu atap. Kompartemen pasukan  memiliki dua pintu samping di bagian belakang dan dua lubang keluar di bagian atap.


Kanon 7.62mm BT-3F (photo : yuripasholok)

Persenjataan

Kendaraan dilengkapi dengan stasiun senjata yang dikendalikan jarak jauh 185kg DPV-T, dipersenjatai dengan  senapan mesin PKTM Kalashnikov 7.62mm x 54mm, dipasang di atap kendaraan untuk terlibat  target tetap dan bergerak di darat.

Sistem senjata juga dilengkapi dengan equipped with television / infrared imaging sight dan sebuah laser rangefinder untuk  reconnaissance, surveillance dan akuisi target.

Sistem ini memiliki kisaran elevasi  -5 ° sampai 75 °  dan dapat berputar  360 °.

Menara dioperasikan dari jarak jauh oleh kru menggunakan unit kontrol yang terletak di dalam kendaraan.  Informasi lokasi target disimpan dalam integrated ballistic computer, yang menjamin kinerja tinggi dan efisiensi menembak. Kendaran juga memiliki  opsional untuk dilengkapi dengan senapan mesin berat 14.5mm.

Armor  dan Kinerja

Lambung kendaraan lapis baja infanteri BT-3F  menawarkan  perlindungan STANAG 4569 Level 4 untuk menahan serangan armour piercing ammunition 14.5mm x 114mm.

Tiga peluncur granat asap 40mm disediakan di atas kendaraan untuk memastikan kemampuan bertahan hidup yang tinggi kru di medan perang.


Tampak belakang BT-3F (photo : yuripasholok)

Kinerja

Mesin BT-3F menggunakan mesin diesel UTD-29 dengan  sistem empat langkah, injeksi langsung, liquid-cooled, multi bahan bakar. Mesin menghasilkan kekuatan  500 tenaga kuda.

Dilengkapi dengan enam roda di kedua sisi, IFV menggabungkan hidrolik peredam kejut dan sistem suspensi torsion bar yang menggunakan bar torsi individu.

Kendaraan  personel lapis baja memiliki kecepatan jalan 70 km/jam dan mampu melakukan perjalanan pada kecepatan 10km/jam di dalam air. Kisaran operasional kendaraan adalah 600 km.

(Jejak Tapak)

South Korea’s HHI Launches RNZN’s Future Fleet Support Vessel

26 April 2019


South Korean shipbuilder HHI launched the RNZN's future fleet replenishment vessel, Aotearoa, on 24 April at the company's dockyard in Ulsan. (photo : YonhapNews)

South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) launched the Royal New Zealand Navy's (RNZN's) future fleet tanker/replenishment vessel at the company's dockyard in the southeastern coast al city of Ulsan on 24 April.

The 173 m-long auxiliary oiler replenishment (AOR) ship, which will be known as HMNZS Aotearoa once commissioned, was floated in the drydock at Ulsan in a ceremony attended by RNZN chief Rear Admiral David Proctor, among others.

Ordered for NZD493 million (USD323 million) in 2016 under New Zealand's Maritime Sustainment Capability (MSC) programme, the vessel was laid down in August 2018 and is expected to be delivered and commissioned in 2020 when it will replace fleet replenishment tanker Endeavour , which was decommissioned in December 2017.

(Jane's)

FNSS-DEFTECH: AV-8 AENBCRV Vehicle Prepares to Enter Malaysian Army Inventory

26 April 2019


FNSS-DEFTECH: AV-8 AENBCRV (photos : FNSS)

The Armoured Engineer Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (AENBCRV) version of the AV-8 Wheeled Armoured Vehicle (WAV) developed by the FNSS and DRB HICOM Defence Technologies Sdn Bhd (DEFTECH) partnership for the Malaysian Army is preparing for delivery in the first half of this year.

Passing all tests with flying colours, the AV-8 AENBCRV entered the second and final stage of the qualification process, during which its endurance was tested.

The AV-8 AENBCRV is fitted with CBRN detection equipment and systems to detect and classify of any type of chemical, biological, radioactive or nuclear agents. The vehicle can determine and classify the hazard zone and alert other military units and civilians of potential dangers, thus enabling them to take the necessary countermeasures.

Possessing a complex and modern system architecture and mission-specific equipment, the AENBCRV’s initial vehicle development processes – comprising conceptual design, detailed design, manufacturing and assembly – was carried out entirely by FNSS. The ongoing qualification tests serve to demonstrate that the vehicle fully and comprehensively meets the requirements set by the user. The first stage of these tests, involving Land Performance Tests and CBRN System Tests, has already been completed after being carried out at FNSS’ facilities in Ankara. The second stage of the tests – the Endurance Tests – were launched in Malaysia in February 2019. Following the successful completion of these tests, the acceptance and delivery of the first vehicle to the end user will take place in Malaysia in the upcoming days.



Under the project, four AENBCRV vehicles will be delivered, the first of which will be the vehicle that completed its qualification tests. The remaining three vehicles will be manufactured and delivered by FNSS by 2020.

The AV-8 AENBCRV stands out as the first 8×8 CBRN vehicle to be developed by FNSS. The components of the CBRN system, as the main mission equipment aboard the vehicle, was procured from domestic and foreign suppliers in line with the user’s preferences, and the integration solutions were applied together with the Environics company of Finland. FNSS has also conducted indigenisation works on some of the CBRN system’s subsystems, thus aiding domestic subcontractors in acquiring new competencies.

Commenting on this latest milestone reached by the company with the AV-8 WAV project, K. Nail Kurt, General Manager and CEO of FNSS, said: “The AV-8 WAV project continues to be the single largest defence system export contract signed by Turkey in the field of land systems, and it is also one of the most complex projects in its field due to the large number of vehicle configurations involved. Integrated with a wide variety of mission equipment, the AENBCRV is the one of the AV-8’s most challenging configurations to date. We have fashioned the vehicle in close contact with the user, ensuring they are supplied with the specific capabilities they need. Our vehicle is now proving itself in rigorous tests, and I believe that it will pass all of these with great success, becoming the best in its class and joining the inventory of the friendly and allied nation of Malaysia. With this vehicle, both FNSS and the Turkish defence sector have acquired very important capabilities. In the upcoming period, we are ready to meet with the best solutions any need that the Turkish Armed Forces and friendly and allied nations may have in this particular area.”

(EDR Magazine)

Esperon: Philippines Should Spend More on Defense

26 April 2019


SE Asia defence spending as percentage of GDP (photo : weforum)

MANILA, Philippines — The Philippines should increase its defense spending in order for the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to fully perform its mandate in securing the country’s territory, National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon Jr. said.

The retired general said the armed forces is always more than ready to do its job to defend its stakes in the South China Sea, but its capabilities should be beefed up.

“We just want to assure you, having come from the armed forces, that we are ready anytime but you have to capacitate us also. Otherwise, we go for other things,” he said on Wednesday at a forum on the West Philippine Sea.

The Philippines passed a law calling for the modernization of the AFP in 1995, after China’s occupation of Panganiban Reef (Mischief Reef), which is located within the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone. The implementation of the 15-year plan didn’t go as planned and turned out to be a failure.

“We really haven’t got anything except from the savings of the Presidents, so who do we blame for this? Do we blame the senators or the congressmen? Or we as a nation?” Esperon said.

“It seems like we are not willing to spend for defense, but we want defense. So where do you put the Armed Forces in that arrangement? Our defense spending is about 1.1% of the GDP (gross domestic product)…China has more,” he added.

The revised modernization program is now divided into three phases: Horizon 1 ran from 2013 to 2017, Horizon 2 covers 2018 to 2022, while Horizon 3 is from 2023 to 2028.

“We are now trying to build capability. We are maintaining our presence in the Kalayaan Island Group. We have put lighthouses; we will repair the airstrip. It will be an all-weather airstrip,” he said.

The Philippines was the first of the claimants in the South China Sea to put an airstrip in the Spratlys back in the 1970s. Other claimants only followed suit.

China built its massive artificial islands only in recent years.

“If you want all these parts of the territory to be defended, don’t look at the armed forces. You look at the other officials,” Esperon said. /je

(Inquirer)

25 April 2019

Doktrin Operasi UAV Sedang Dibangunkan ATM

25 April 2019


UAV dalam TUDM CAP 55 program (image : Mal DoD)

KUALA LUMPUR - Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (ATM) sedang membangunkan doktrin dan konsep operasi pesawat terbang tanpa pemandu (UAV) agar pengoperasiannya dapat digunakan secara efektif dan berkesan dalam menjaga persempadanan daratan serta maritim negara.

Timbalan Menteri Pertahanan, Senator Liew Chin Tong berkata, teknologi UAV didapati efektif berdasarkan daya ketahanan yang lama, jarak pengoperasian yang jauh, selain keupayaan dan kelebihan sensornya.

“ATM setuju dan mengakui kepentingan teknologi UAV pada masa sekarang dan masa hadapan sebagai salah satu strategi peperangan, di samping dapat meningkatkan keupayaan ATM bagi memantau sempadan daratan dan maritim negara.

“Buat masa ini, ATM telah pun mempunyai keupayaan UAV di dalam perkhidmatan bagi tujuan pengawasan, serta turut bekerjasama dengan Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia (JUPEM) bagi tujuan pemetaan,” katanya ketika sesi soal jawab di Dewan Negara hari ini.

Beliau menjawab soalan Senator Datuk Theodore Douglas Lind mengenai sama ada teknologi ‘drone’ akan diperkenalkan dan digunakan ATM pada masa sekarang dan masa hadapan sebagai satu strategi peperangan yang baharu supaya ATM dapat bersaing dengan angkatan tentera negara jiran.

Chin Tong berkata, teknologi UAV juga akan digunakan sebagai salah satu elemen sistem pengawasan dengan jaringan aktiviti perisikan, pengawasan, pengesanan dan peninjauan (ISTAR) dalam ‘masa sebenar’ dan diintegrasi ke dalam sistem ‘Operasi Jaringan Berpusat’ (NCO) ATM yang kini sedang dibangunkan.

“Keupayaan ini dilihat sebagai kekuatan berganda bagi memantapkan lagi sistem pemantauan daratan dan juga ruang udara negara.

“ATM juga telah lama mengadakan idea untuk mengintegrasikan teknologi dalam pelbagai bidang dalam ATM* kementerian juga mengambil kira industri 4.0 termasuklah penggunaan dan pengoperasian UAV dan kecerdasan buatan* semua ini akan diambil kira dan dilaksanakan,” katanya.

(Utusan)

Australian Tigers Operate Overseas for First Time

25 April 2019


Australian Army Tiger ARH attack helicopters aboard HMAS Canberra during the type’s first overseas deployment in late April. (photo : Aus DoD)

Australia has deployed its Airbus Tiger Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter (ARH) overseas for the first time, with a detachment participating in joint training exercises with Malaysia.

Four Australian Army Tiger ARHs were airlifted to the Royal Malaysian Air Force (TUDM) air base at Subang on a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Boeing C-17A Globemaster III strategic airlifter on 21 April, before embarking for training exercises aboard the HMAS Canberra landing helicopter dock (LHD) amphibious assault ship.

Australia operates 22 Tiger ARH helicopters, with deliveries running from December 2004 through to December 2011. The ARH is a hybrid variant of the Tiger that is based on the French HAP (Hélicoptère d'Appui et de Protection), with an undernose Giat 30-781 30 mm cannon, roof-mounted sight, and provision for underwing 70 mm rocket pods, but with added anti-tank capability.

Apart from being the first overseas deployment of the Tiger, the exercises aboard HMAS Canberra mark a major milestone for the helicopter given that until very recently Australian auditors were recommending that it not be operated aboard ships due to performance limitations.

(Jane's)

Rostec Opens Helicopter Engines Repair Center in Vietnam

25 April 2019


Maintenance of Mi-8/Mi-17 helicopter (photo : Rostec)

Integrated logistics support center for repairing helicopter engines created by UEC-Klimov (subsidiary of the United Engine Corporation, part of Rostec) has begun operations in the Vietnamese city of Vũng Tàu. Pilot repair project of the first engine in the new center has been successfully completed.

The center is equipped with all necessary equpment, spare parts and assemblies to provide repairs for engines designed by UEC-Klimov. By the end of April four more engines in use in Vietnam will go through repairs in the center.

Specialists from UEC-Klimov perform medium repairs of TVZ-117 and VK-2500 engines operated in Vietnam. The Russian side provides the details and spare parts, and trains the personnel for engine and gearbox maintenance. The Vietnamese side will provide support personnel to accompany the working process. The Vietnamese specialists have already received certificates from UEC-Klimov on successful familiarization with the medium repair process of the first engine: TV3-117VM series 02 used by the Mi-17-1V. A foreign object damaged this particular engine during operation by the Vietnamese civil aviation.

“Till the end of April, we’re going to repair four more engines operated in Vietnam. We plan to actively expand the geography of our cooperation and start providing repair and support services of helicopter engines in India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Australia, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Our partners in the region are highly satisfied with the approach and quality of services provided by Rostec, which includes after-sale support for the whole life cycle of our products”, said the Director for International Cooperation and Regional Policy of Rostec, Viktor Kladov.

The Aviation Administration of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam certified the new center. Certifying the support personnel is a mandatory procedure for ensuring the operation and repair process made by the center. Vietnamese specialists familiarized themselves with all the steps concerning medium repairs of the TV3-117 engines and their different models during a technological procedure of the certification.

In October 2018 UEC-Klimov and the Vietnamese company Helicopter Technical Service Company signed a distribution contract concerning service maintenance of engines.

Helicopter Technical Service Company, on the territory of which the new center is located, provides service maintenance for Russian-made helicopters. It also operates as the distributor of ТB3-117 and VK-2500 engines.

(Rostec)