30 Maret 2015

South Korea Opts for KAI-Lockheed in $7.8 bln Fighter Deal

30 Maret 2015

KFX Fighter (image : KDaily)

Seoul (AFP) - South Korea on Monday selected Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) and partner Lockheed Martin for a multi-billion-dollar contract to develop 120 "indigenous" fighter jets to replace Seoul's ageing fleet.

The bid from KAI and the US aerospace giant, which is subject to a screening process before being officially approved, was always seen as the favourite for the 8.6 trillion won ($7.8 billion) deal over a rival bid by civilian carrier Korean Air (KAL) teamed with Airbus.

The Defence Ministry also approved a separate $1.28 billion deal to buy Patriot PAC-3 missiles and upgrade its air defence system aimed at intercepting North Korean ballistic missiles.

The KF-X fighter project is designed to develop and produce 120 fighter jets of a new, indigenous type to replace South Korea's ageing fleet of F-4s and F-5s.

"We have chosen KAI as the preferred bidder based on our review of... cost, development plans and development capabilities of the two bidders," the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) said in a statement.

"We are planning to sign the (final) contract during the first half of this year after negotiating with the preferred bidder over technology... and the price," it said.

The South Korean government is to provide 60 percent of the development costs, with the rest to be shared by the winning consortium and Indonesia, whose involvement is the result of a bilateral defence treaty.

The KAI-Lockheed alliance always had the upper hand, as the same partnership developed the T-50 trainer, which is South Korea's first homegrown supersonic aircraft.

Lockheed, which won a contract in 2013 to sell 40 F-35A joint strike fighters to South Korea, has promised to transfer key technologies for the KF-X project to Seoul.

South Korea's military procurement needs, especially where the air force is concerned, have overwhelmingly been met by US suppliers in the past -- a reflection of their close military alliance.

KAL had talked up its bid by highlighting the technical support available from Airbus, which is part of the European consortium that developed the Eurofighter.

Airbus has made a number of bids for the South's military contracts, including a $1.38 billion deal to provide air refuelling tankers.

The defence ministry's request for the KF-X project required a new design, although experts say a heavily modified version of an existing fighter model would also be acceptable.

DAPA officials said South Korea would also buy an unspecified number of "hit-and-kill" PAC-3 missiles from Lockheed Martin by 2020 to improve its anti-ballistic missile capabilities.

US defence contractor Raytheon has been selected to upgrade South Korea's PAC-2 fire control system to launch both PAC-2 and PAC-3 missile, DAPA spokesman Kim Si-Cheol told reporters.

(AFP)

1 komentar:

  1. http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/news/2015/03/30/0200000000AEN20150330002852315.html?input=rss

    Biaya development $7,84 milyar (8,67 triliun Won) dengan asumsi tidak ada cost overrun, atau project delay.
    Biaya produksi untuk 120 pesawat $10 milyar (9,3 triliun Won).

    Untuk terus mengikuti proyek KF-X berarti Indonesia harus menaruh $1,6 milyar minimal -- atau mungkin bisa lebih mahal lagi, mengingat kontraktor utama KAI belum berpengalaman, dan setiap proyek tentu akan ada Cost overrun, dan delay.

    Untuk memproduksi 50 pesawat IF-X, dengan asumsi biaya per unit juga tidak akan naik banyak, menjadi $80 juta / unit atau $3,2 milyar.

    Catatan disini: jarang sekali ada proyek pesawat tempur akhir2 ini yg memenuhi target harga per unit, karena tuntutan spesifikasi, dan revisi2 yg sudah pasti akan terjadi selama proyek berlangsung. F-35 adalah contoh yg paling ekstrem. Dari projected unit cost yg hanya $35 - $50 juta / unit pada awal program, harganya skrg sudah mencapai $113 juta, untuk versi yg paling murah.

    Kemungkinan harga per unit KF-X akan 20 - 30% lebih mahal daripada proyeksi skrg. Ini dikarenakan dua faktor: Jumlah produksi antara 200 - 250 pesawat belum akan mencapai nilai produksi yg ekonomis. Dan harga pesawat di batch pertama sudah pasti akan lebih mahal dibanding pesawat yg diproduksi di batch yg berikutnya.

    Harga KF-X dapat melebihi $100 juta / unit.
    Dan angka ini, tentu saja hanyalah harga produksi kosong.

    Untuk dapat mengoperasikan 50 IF-X, Indonesia masih memerlukan investasi yg lebih besar di infrastruktur, simulator, initial spare part, inventory, dan tentu saja harus mendapat ijin untuk membeli ratusan AIM-9X, dan AIM-120D AMRAAM buatan US.

    Prediksi angka terendah untuk biaya ini sendiri: sekitar $2 - $3 milyar lagi.

    Jadi total investasi yg dibutuhkan Indonesia mulai dari development cost, produksi, dan infrastruktur adalah sekitar $6.8 milyar (minimal) sampai $10 milyar.

    Untuk harga minimal paket lengkap IFX = $136 juta / unit
    Paling mahal = $200 juta / unit.

    BalasHapus