30 Mei 2009

Singapore Elimintes Hawk From Trainer Contest

24 Juli 2008

BAE System's Hawk 12 (photo : Airshows)

Singapore has eliminated BAE Systems' Hawk 128 from its advanced jet trainer competition, leaving the Alenia Aermacchi M-346 and Korea Aerospace Industries/Lockheed Martin T-50 to battle it out and casting further doubt on the future of the UK aviation icon.

The South-East Asian country made the decision this week, and will hold detailed briefings with the remaining candidates and conduct further flight trials for the aircraft in the coming months, say industry sources. Singapore has given the bidders only broad guidelines on its requirements and left them to recommend aircraft numbers and costs. A final decision is expected around mid-2009.

"BAE Systems is disappointed and surprised to learn that it has not been successful," the company says. "We believe that the aircraft's capabilities, allied to the low cost of through-life ownership and BAE's pedigree in delivering training solutions make the Hawk an ideal platform."

KAI's T-50 Golden Eagle (photo : Airliners)

Coming nine months after the United Arab Emirates also eliminated the Hawk from its AJT requirement against the same competitors, Singapore's decision could sound the death-knell for the type, believe some sources. The Hawk fell short of what is required to train pilots for fifth-generation fighters and was assessed to be technologically inferior to its competitors, say sources familiar with the decision.

"This is a significant move by Singapore, which does not make defence decisions lightly. The Hawk has served well for the last 30 years, but Singapore has basically said that its time is up," says an industry source. "The T-50 and M-346 are now the future. Unless BAE spends billions of dollars developing a brand new trainer, it is probably out of the game."

However, BAE counters this view, saying: "We will actively pursue new opportunities where we feel Hawk meets the air force's requirements and supports our through-life strategy." In the meantime, it adds: "Our focus will continue to be on delivering our existing production contracts for India, South Africa and the UK, and on providing through-life support to many of the 19 existing Hawk operators."

Alenia-Aermacchi M-346 Master (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

Increasing the uncertainty over the future of Hawk, orders nearing an end from the UK and the US Navy, which operates the Boeing-modified T-45 Goshawk. BAE has been in talks with India's Hindustan Aeronautics about possibly moving its Hawk production facilities to South Asia, but nothing has been firmed up.

Lockheed helped to develop the T-50 and works with KAI to market the aircraft globally, while rival Boeing is Alenia Aermacchi's partner and helps the Italian company to promote its M-346 and M-311 trainers. Their presence is significant, say observers. Singapore has ordered 24 Boeing F-15s and may buy more, operates the region's largest fleet of Lockheed F-16s, and is considering the Lockheed F-35 Joint Strike Fighter for its future requirements.

The involvement of the two US defence contractors also means that the T-50 and M-346 are likely to be among the favourites when the US Air Force opens its own AJT competition in a few years.

(Flight International)

Australia Requests M-777A2 Lighweight Howitzer

17 Juli 2008
M-777A2 : Australia has requested a possible of 57 units (photo : Strategy Page)

WASHINGTON ---The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Australia of M777A2 155mm Light-Weight Howitzers as well as associated equipment and services.

The total value, if all options are exercised, could be as high as $248 million.

The Government of Australia has requested a possible sale of 57 M777A2 155mm Light-Weight Howitzers, 57 AN/VRC-91F Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio Systems (SINCGARS), integration, spare and repair parts, support and test equipment, publications and technical documentation, maintenance, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $248 million.

Australia is one of our most important allies in the Western Pacific. The strategic location of this political and economic power contributes significantly to ensuring peace and economic stability in the region. Australia’s efforts in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations in Iraq and in Afghanistan have had a significant impact on regional political and economic stability and have served U.S. national security interests. This proposed sale is consistent with those objectives and facilitates burden-sharing with our allies.

This proposed sale would greatly contribute to Australia’s military capability by making it a more sustainable coalition force to support the Global War on Terror. Australia will use these new M777A2 155mm Howitzers to protect its deployed troops, and give them the ability to operate in hazardous conditions. Australia currently operates the 100mm [actually 105mm—Ed.] Hamel Howitzer and the 155mm M198 Howitzer and will have no difficulty absorbing these howitzers into its armed forces.

The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not affect the basic military balance in the region.

The prime contractors will be: BAE Land Systems in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, and ITT in Fort Wayne, Indiana. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

The proposed sale requires engineering technical support for approximately two U.S. government representatives and five contractor representatives for one year.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale. This notice of a potential sale is required by law; it does not mean that the sale has been concluded.

(Defense Aerospace)

China Offered a 13000 ton LPD Type 071 to Malaysia

18 Juli 2008
Type 071 Landing Platform Dock (photo : Chinesemil)

Spotlight On China’s LPDs, LHDs And Aircraft Carrier

China’s PLA Navy (PLAN) on July 6 commissioned its first of six Type 071 Landing Platform Docks (LPD) that will be used for both tri-services operational logistics as well as civilian disaster relief operations. The vessel, with pennant number 998, is now operational with the Navy’s South Sea Fleet and has on board four Z-8K heavylift helicopters. The state-owned China State Shipbuilding & Trading Corp (CSTC), a subsidiary of the China State Shipbuilding Corp (CSSC), had on December 21, 2006 launched the first LPD at its Shanghai-based Hudong Zhonghua Shipbuilding facility and this vessel early last September began her sea trials. A modified variant of the Type 071 LPD is also being offered for export to Malaysia by CSTC, which is leading a formidable consortium of Chinese companies that will include China North Industries Corp (NORINCO), China Electronics Trading Corp International (CETC), and guided-missile manufacturer China National Precision Machinery Import-Export Corp (CPMIEC) in its bid to win the Malaysian contract. The Royal Malaysian Navy has projected a requirement for at least two such LPDs, which it calls the multi-role support ship (MRSS).
Type 071 LPD has full displacement of 14,000 tonnes (photo : Chinesemil)

The Type 071 LPD has an overall length of 150 metres, waterline length of 140 metres, moulded beamwidth of 30 metres, waterline breadth of 24.5 metres, moulded depth of 20 metres, draught of 5.9 metres, full displacement of 14,000 tonnes, cruising speeds of up to 20 Knots, range of 6,000nm at 18 Knots, endurance of 60 days, a crew complement comprising 30 officers and 145 other ranks, a stern-mounted helicopter deck housing four heavylift helicopters, a 4-metre wide 308-lane metre internal vehicle garage, a deck-mounted flight deck measuring 50 metres by 30 metres, 450 square-metre internal hospital deck, a twin-door cantilever hangar measuring 18.5 metres by 23 metres by 8 metres, and a dry dock measuring 40.4 metres by 15.4 metres by 8 metres. The LPD thus incorporates the features of a troop transport ship, amphibious assault support ship, logistics support ship for submarine escape-and-rescue operations, aviation support ship, field hospital ship (with a surgical unit operating for a minimum of 30 days), and a combined forces command-and-control vessel leading a power projection-oriented naval task force. The vessel is also capable of transporting 800 fully equipped troops along with related tracked/wheeled vehicles, six medium-lift assault hovercraft in times of conflict for a period of 14 days, and will also be able to replenish at sea. Alternatively, the vessel will be able to carry 400 troops, a 50-tonne main battle tank, one hovercraft, four LCMs, four LCVPs, and up to four heavylift helicopters. For export customers, CSTC plans to finish construction of the first Type 071 LPD within 45 months of contract signature. CSTC will take three months to complete initial design work, followed by six months of technical design activity, eight months for construction design, seven months for construction preparation, 12 months for hull construction and installation of machinery, a one-month period for launching the vessel, five months for vessel outfitting alongside in the shipyard, two months of harbour and sea trials, and less than a month for finalising the delivery process.

The Type 071 LPD’s hull and superstructure are reformed—the hull has flaring sides, while the superstructure has a 10º inclination for the sidewalls and a 15º for the frontal and aft walls. To eliminate cavity reflection, large openings are avoided and the observation windows at the bridge and the aviation command-and-control centre use shielded glass. Helicopters from the cantilever hangars will be transferred into and out of the hangar via an integrated helicopter handling system, with the hangers being able to cater for at least 21 days of continuous helicopter operations. The vessel’s maximum persistent pitch and roll are 5º and 15º, respectively. When running at 18 Knots cruising speed with a pair of anti-rolling fins in operation, the residual roll angle at 5-6 sea states will not exceed 4º. The on-board equipment is able to withstand the 45º rolling for 8~10-second periods and persistent ±15º list. The LPD’s integrated CODAD propulsion, controlled by an automated propulsion control system, comprises four MTU 20V956TB92 diesel engines each rated at 8,840hp (6.5mW). The engines have single-step vibration isolators, while the generators have double-step vibration dampers. The twin reduction gearboxes with associate clutches and coupling are rigidly mounted and drive twin low-cavitation controllable pitch noise propellers.


More Teeth For MMEA

18 Juli 2008
Bombardier 415MP (photo : Militaryphotos)

In June 13, Bombardier Aerospace announced that the Government of Malaysia had placed a firm order for two Bombardier 415 multipurpose amphibious aircraft (called Bombardier 415MP) for the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). With this order, the MMEA became the launch customer in Asia for the specialised Bombardier 415MP. In addition, the contract includes aircraft systems integration and technical type-training for aircrews and ground crews. A variant of the rugged Bombardier 415 amphibious water-bomber, the only aircraft specifically designed for aerial firefighting, the two Bombardier 415MPs will be modified with maritime surveillance capabilities to meet the specialised needs of the MMEA. As such, the two Bombardier 415MPs will be equipped with a state-of-the-art surveillance suite that includes two side-looking airborne radars, one forward-looking infra red (FLIR) pod, an airborne maritime surveillance system, and other avionics and communications equipment. “The aircraft’s ability to fly at low speed and low altitude with great manoeuvrability and to land on water also makes it an ideal aircraft for coastal patrol missions,” said Michel Bourgeois, President, Specialized and Amphibious Aircraft Division of Bombardier Aerospace. “Our Bombardier 415MP aircraft also offers unique multi-mission capabilities for a wide range of missions as it combines the capabilities of a traditional surveillance aircraft with the added benefit of being able to execute direct interventions on water. It is a very capable and cost-effective aircraft, able to carry out a multitude of specialised missions that previously required dedicated vessels and aircraft,” added Bourgeois.

Since delivery of the first Bombardier 415 aircraft in 1994, Bombardier Aerospace has to date delivered 67 Bombardier 415 aircraft to Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Ontario, Quebec and Spain, with 42 aircraft in operation in the Mediterranean region alone. The multi-purpose Bombardier 415MP can be used in a variety of specialised missions such as search-and-rescue, environmental protection, and coastal patrol-cum-transportation. It is fitted with sophisticated sensors to locate and identify vessels, people in distress, and marine pollutants.

The Bombardier 415 receives its heritage from the piston-engined Canadair CL-215 that was developed in the 1960s. To date, more than 142 CL-215s have been sold worldwide. The Bombardier 415’s design responds to a high-wing, amphibian, turboprop aircraft intended for aerial firefighting. Bombardier launched this programme in 1991 with the aim of replacing the CL-215. The maiden flight was conducted in 1993 and first airworthiness certifications were obtained during 1994, with the first delivery to a customer taking place in November 1994.


2 Unit Kapal LCU 1000 DWT Akan Merperkuat TNI AD

16 Juli 2008

LCU ADRI-XLVII yang sudah dimiliki TNI Angkatan Darat (photo : Ditbekangad)

Jakarta –Direktur Jenderal Sarana Pertahanan Departemen Pertahanan (Dirjen Ranahan Dephan) Marsda TNI Eris Herryanto, MA, meresmikan peletakkan lunas (Keel Laying) sebagai tahap awal proses pembangunan Kapal LCU 1000 DWT, Rabu (16/7) di PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Kodja Bahari (Persero), Tanjung Priok Jakarta. Dua unit kapal tersebut merupakan pesanan Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat (TNI AD) untuk menunjang tugas pokoknya dalam menjaga wilayah Negara Kesatuan Rebuplik Indonesia.

Peresmian ditandai dengan penekanan tombol sirene oleh Dirjen Ranahan Dephan dan penandatanganan berita acara keel laying. Hadir dalam acara antara lain Wakil Asisten Logistik (Waaslog) TNI AD, Dir Pembekalan TNI AD, Dirut PT. Putrindo Adiyasa Perkasa, Dirut PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Kodja Bahari (Persero), GM Galangan IV PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Kodja Bahari (Persero) dan segenap Direksi PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Kodja Bahari (Persero).

Dirjen Ranahan Dephan dalam sambutannya mengatakan, pengadaan dua unit kapal pendarat serba guna 1000 DWT ini, merupakan program dari anggaran Kredit Eksport tahun 2004 Perkasa dengan nilai sebesar USD 10 juta. Pengadaan ini diageni oleh PT. Putrindo Adiyasa Perkasa.

Diharapkan dalam pelaksanaannya dapat dikerjakan sesuai rencana, sehingga kapal tersebut dapat segera memperkuat jajaran TNI AD dalam menunjang tugas pokoknya. Dalam tugasnya, TNI AD memerlukan transportasi laut yang dapat mengirim pasukan ke seluruh wilayah Indonesia, sehingga masalah- masalah yang dihadapi di wilayah NKRI dapat diatasi melalui kekuatan TNI AD.

LCU 1000DWT TNI Angkatan Darat (photo : DMC)

Lebih lanjut Dirjen Ranahan menambahkan, salah satu tugas dari Departemen Pertahanan adalah membina dan mendorong kemampuan industri dalam negeri untuk kepentingan pertahanan negara. Dengan memberdayakan industri nasional maka tercapailah kemandirian dalam bidang pertahanan.

Dirjen Ranahan menilai, kemampuan industri dalam negeri saat ini sudah cukup meningkat. Sehingga pembangunan kapal yang dilaksanakan oleh salah satu industri nasional ini, diharapkan akan menjadi stimulan bagi dimulainya pemberdayagunaan industri dalam negeri di bidang perkapalan untuk mendukung pertahanan negara.

Sementara itu Waaslog TNI AD Brigjen TNI Fuad Basya mengatakan, dengan keadaan kondisi wilayah Indonesia yang terdiri dari banyak pulau, maka TNI AD membutuhkan banyak sekali sarana angkutan. Sekalipun masih jauh dari cukup, tetapi dengan adanya penambahan dua unit kapal ini merupakan suatu tambahan yang sangat berarti bagi TNI AD.

“Dengan adanya penambahan ini, maka diyakini akan dapat menambah kualitas dan kemampuan kerja dari TNI AD. Sehingga diharapkan penegakan kedaulatan negara di darat akan bisa dilaksanakan dengan baik”, tambahnya.

Pada kesempatan yang sama, General Manager (GM) Galangan IV PT. Dok dan Perkapalan Kodja Bahari (Persero) Nasrudin Umar selaku pelaksana proyek pembangunan kapal LCU 1000 DWT mengatakan, pengerjaan pembangunan direncanakan akan selesai dalam 16 bulan.

Dijelaskannya, kapal dibangun dengan spesifikasi antara lain panjang 68 meter, lebar 13, 5 meter dan mampu memuat pasukan beserta perlengkapannya sebanyak 300 orang dan kendaraan truk dengan bobot kurang lebih 5 ton sebanyak 22 unit. Jarak jelajah Kapal dapat mencapai sampai 3000 mil laut dan kecepatan 12 knot. (BDI/HDY)


TNI Belum Berencana Tambah Rudal Anti-Kapal C-802 dari China

15 Juli 2008

Peluncur rudal C-802 di KRI Layang (photo : Bronco1978-Kaskus Militer)

Jakarta - Markas Besar TNI Angkatan Laut menegaskan belum akan menambah peluru kendali (rudal) buatan China C-802.

"Kita memang sudah membeli empat rudal C-802, dan karena keterbatasan anggaran, maka kita belum akan menambah lebih banyak lagi," kata Kepala Staf Angkatan Laut (Kasal) Laksamana TNI Tedjo Edhy Purdijatno menjawab ANTARA di Jakarta, Senin.

Ditemui di sela-sela Rapat Kerja Panglima TNI dan Menteri Pertahanan dengan Komisi I DPR, ia mengemukakan kehandalan rudal buatan Negeri Tirai Bambu itu telah terbukti melalui beberapa kali ujicoba di Tanah Air, terakhir pada Latihan Gabungan TNI 2008.

"Namun, hingga kini kita belum akan menambah jumlah C-802 sebagai salah satu alat utama sistem senjata TNI AL," katanya.

Tentang kemungkinan C-802 menggantikan peran rudal Harpoon dan Exocet yang selama ini dipergunakan TNI AL, Tedjo menjelaskan hal itu masih perlu kajian lebih mendalam. "Itu mungkin saja, apalagi harganya lebih murah, tetapi kualitasnya tidak kalah. Tetapi itu perlu kajian lebih mendalam lagi," katanya.

Yang penting, tambah Tedjo, pengoperasian rudal C-802 itu tidak terlalu sulit termasuk untuk dipasangkan di kapal sejenis korvet.

Rudal C-802 merupakan rudal anti kapal permukaan buatan China yang mulai diperkenalkan oleh produsennya China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA) pada 1989.

Peluru kendali buatan negeri Tirai Bambu itu menggunakan teknologi solid propellant rocket booster sebagai pendorong, dan menggunakan pemandu system inertial dan radar aktif.

Peluru kendali dengan panjang 6,383 meter itu merupakan turunan dari rudal pendahulunya, yakni YI-8 atau C-801. Yang berbeda dari pendahulunya, rudal Yingji-82 atau YJ-82 alias C-802 terletak pada penggunaan bahan bakar pada mesin turbojet-nya.
Rudal C-802 dalam ujicoba oleh TNI Angkatan Laut (photo : Bronco1978-Kaskus Militer)

Jika C-801 menggunakan bahan bakar solid untuk mesin roketnya, maka pada C-802 menggunakan bahan bakar dari parafin, sehingga daya jelajahnya dapat ditingkat secara drastis dari 80 kilometer pada C-801 menjadi 120 kilometer pada C-802.

Rudal C-802 berdimensi 715 kilogram dan diameter 36 sentimeter itu juga dikenal sebagai rudal yang memiliki kemampuan untuk menghindar dari radar musuh, karena selain dilengkapi perangkat anti-jamming yang terpasang pada peralatan pemandunya, rudal ini juga mempunyai kemampuan terbang rendah (sea skimming) pada awal dilincurkan, yakni 20-30 meter dan turun menjadi 5-7 meter saat akan mendekati sasaran.

Dengan hulu ledak bertekanan tinggi seberat 165 kilogram plus sistem semi-armour-piercing, cukup membuat kapal musuh berpikir dua kali untuk menghadapi rudal C-802 ini.

Kelebihan lainnya, rudal ini dapat diluncurkan dari berbagai anjungan (platform), mulai dari kendaraan darat, kapal perang permukaan, pesawat terbang hingga kapal selam. (*)


TNI AL Batalkan Pembelian 11 Pesawat Patroli dari Polandia

15 Juli 2008
M-28 Bryza-1R : M-28 versi Patroli Maritim (photo : Military Aircraft)

Jakarta - Markas Besar TNI Angkatan Laut membatalkan pembelian sebelas pesawat angkut ringan Skytruck dari Polandia, karena terlalu lama tertunda hingga menyebabkan harganya makin mahal.

"Memang kita batalkan, tetapi pihak Polandia tetap akan memberikan bantuan senilai 75 juta dolar AS bagi pengadaan pesawat itu, untuk kebutuhan TNI AL yang lain. Jadi dialihkan," kata Kepala Staf Angkatan Laut (Kasal) Laksamana TNI Tedjo Edhy ketika dikonfirmasi ANTARA News di Jakarta, Selasa.

Ia menambahkan, hingga kini pihak TNI AL dan Departemen Pertahanan RI tengah berkoordinasi tentang apa saja yang bisa diadakan melalui dana sebesar 75 juta dolar AS dari Polandia tersebut.

"Kemungkinan besar, kita akan menggantinya dengan MPA buatan PT Dirgantara Indonesia," ungkap Tedjo menambahkan.

Sementara itu, Kepala Dinas Penerangan Mabes TNI AL Laksamana Pertama Iskandar Sitompul mengatakan, selain masalah birokrasi yang terkatung-katung, adanya perbedaan pesawat menjadi salah satu sebab mengapa pengadaan itu dibatalkan.

"Sebelumnya, Kredit Ekspor (KE) Polandia senilai 75 juta dolar AS itu kita pergunakan untuk membeli pesawat patroli maritim (Maritime Aircraft Patrol/MPA) bukan pesawat angkut ringan. Jadi, Skytruck MPA bukan Skytruck angkut ringan," ungkapnya.

Iskandar menambahkan, baik TNI AL dan pihak Polandia telah membahas kelanjutan kerja sama kedua pihak dalam pengadaan sebelas pesawat tersebut.

"Hasil pembahasan kedua pihak ini telah diserahkan kepada Dephan untuk ditindaklanjuti, bagaimana kelanjutannya," ujarnya.

M-28 Skytruck yang digunakan oleh Polri (photo : Gaero)

Tentang apa saja alutsista yang akan dibeli dari Polandia, dengan dana 75 juta dolar AS itu, Iskandar mengatakan, pihaknya belum menetapkan apapun terkait pengalihan penggunaan dana tersebut.

Pada kesempatan terpisah, Menteri Pertahanan (Menhan) Juwono Sudarsono mengatakan, kerja sama dengan Polandia ini sudah berjalan sejak pemerintahan Megawati Soekarnoputri.

Pada waktu itu untuk pertama kali dilakukan kerja sama pengadaan pesawat jenis Skytruck senilai 135 juta dollar AS.

Untuk pengadaan pesawat ini, juga dibahas soal persentase komponen dari Indonesia yang akan dilakukan oleh PT Dirgantara Indonesia (DI).

PT DI akan mengerjakan 3-6 persen dari total nilai kontrak untuk membuat kandungan lokal pesawat tersebut. Diharapkan hari ini sudah bisa ditandatangani MoU antara PT DI dengan perusahaan Polandia, Pzlmielec. (*)


Singapore Seeks AIM-120C, AIM-9X, JSOW Missiles and Guided Bombs

11 Juli 2008

AGM-154 JSOW (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

On July 9, the Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Singapore of Major Defense Equipment and associated equipment and services. The total value, if all options are exercised, could be as high as $962 million.

JSOW trajectory (image : Jane's)

The Government of Singapore has requested a possible sale of the following Major Defense Equipment:
-72 AIM-120C-5 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM)
-128 AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM
-6 AMRAAM Captive Air Training Missiles (CATMs)
-50 MK-82 (GBU-38) Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) with BLU-111 Warhead
-71 AN/AVS-9 (V) Night Vision Goggles
-50 Link 16 Multifunctional Information Distribution System-Low Volume -Terminals (Fighter Data Link (FDL) Terminals)
-30 AGM-154A-1 Joint Standoff Weapons (JSOW) with BLU-111 Warhead
-30 AGM-154C JSOW
-300,000 20mm Practice Round Cartridges
-200 AIM-9X SIDEWINDER Missiles
-4 AIM-9X SIDEWINDER Special Air Training Missiles (NATMs)
-32 AIM-9X SIDEWINDER Captive Air Training Missiles (CATMs)
-8 Tactical-9X WGU-51/B Guidance Units
-12 CATM-9X WGU-51/B Guidance Units
-72 MK-82 500lb Empty Bombs (Flight Test Only)
-4 GBU-12 Bombs w/o Fuse (Flight Test Only)
-4 Computer Control Group (Flight Test Only)
-100 KMU-556/B JDAM Bomb Tail Kit Assemblies
-4 MK-82/MK-84 Bomb Practice trainers

Also included are testing, integration, devices, missile containers, common munitions built-in test reprogramming equipment, aircrew safety equipment, mission data production system, drones, repair and return, electronic warfare systems and support, weapons trainers, software support and test equipment, life support and survival equipment, spares and repair parts, publications and technical documentation, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government and contractor technical and logistics personnel services, and other related elements of logistical and program support. The estimated cost is $962 million.

AIM-120C7 AMRAAM (photo : Global Security)

This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of a friendly country that has been, and continues to be, an important force for economic progress in Southeast Asia.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.


AS Bantu 45 Juta US Dolar Tingkatkan Depo Pemeliharaan TNI AU

9 Juli 2008

Depo Pemeliharaan 30 (image : Koharmatau)

Jakarta - Pemerintah Amerika Serikat (AS) akan membantu meningkatkan kemampuan depo pemeliharaan TNI Angkatan Udara (AU), terutama depo pemeliharaan pesawat angkut berat C-130 Hercules, senilai 45 juta dolar AS.

"Bantuan itu akan diberikan secara bertahap dalam bentuk peralatan dan `special tools` lainnya senilai 45 juta dolar AS," kata Komandan Pemeliharaan Material TNI AU (Kohamatau) Marsekal Muda Sunaryo HW ketika dikonfirmasi ANTARA di Jakarta, Selasa.

Sunaryo mengemukakan, AS akan membantu antara lain peningkatan bengkel perbaikan propeler, pemeliharaan tingkat berat peralatan Ground Suport Equipment (GSE) serta mesin T-56 C-130 Hercules.

Selain itu, AS juga akan membantu merehabilitasi dan men-set up bangunan depo dan pelatihan (training) bagi para teknisi dan `ground crew` lainnya sehingga kemampuan para teknisi TNI AU akan bertambah.

"Keseluruhan waktu yang dibutuhkan, mulai dari merehab dan membangun gedung, pelatihan hingga pengoperasian sementara oleh AS, memakan waktu hingga satu tahun. Tidak apa . Yang penting kemampuan kita untuk memperbaiki dan memelihara alat utama sistem senjata yang ada makin meningkat hingga kita tidak perlu meminta bantuan ke luar negeri," ujar Sunaryo.

Kegiatan pemeliharaan pesawat di beberapa Sathar (photo : Koharmatau)
Saat ini, tambah dia, nota kontrak antara TNI AU dengan Angkatan Udara AS (United States Air Force/USAF) sedang dirumuskan kedua pihak untuk dapat disepakati dan disahkan pada Juli 2008.

Tahap pertama akan dilaksanakan di Depo Pemeliharaan 10 hingga 2009, kemudian dilanjutkan di Depo Pemeliharaan 30 hingga 2010.

"Yang tidak kalah penting adalah adanya alih teknologi dari para tenaga ahli AS kepada teknisi TNI AU," katanya.

TNI AU kini memiliki tujuh depo pemeliharaan antara lain Depohar 30 di Lanud Abdurrahman Saleh (ABD), yang bertugas melakukan perbaikan tingkat berat pesawat terbang bersayap tetap (fix wing), motor turbin, pemeliharaan komponen dan alat uji serta produksi materiil.


Pemekaran Korps Marinir Sementara Dihentikan

9 Juli 2008
Pasukan Marinir TNI Angkatan Laut (photo : Kaskus Militer)

SURABAYA - Komandan Korps Marinir (Koarmar) Mayjen (Mar) Djunaidi Djahri mengemukakan, rencana pengembangan Marinir menjadi tiga divisi untuk sementara dihentikan karena kondisi ekonomi negara yang kurang mendukung.

"Mungkin nanti baru terwujud tahun 2024 dengan prediksi ekonomi kita membaik," katanya seusai melantik Kolonel (Mar) I Wayan Mendra sebagai Komandan Pasmar I menggantikan Brigjen TNI (Mar) Arief Suherman di Surabaya, Rabu (9/7).

Menurut dia, saat ini sudah ada dua Pasukan Marinir (Pasmar) yang berkedudukan di Jakarta dan Surabaya dan satu brigade infanteri di Lampung, yang merupakan embrio untuk pengembangan Marinir menjadi tiga divisi. Untuk pengembangan menjadi tiga divisi itu, lanjut Djunaidi Djahri, tentunya membutuhkan persiapan, antara lain penambahan jumlah personel, sarana pendukung, seperti asrama dan perkantoran, serta peralatan tempur.

"Untuk saat ini kami merawat dan melatih pasukan yang sudah ada dengan jumlah 21.000 prajurit. Dengan jumlah itu, untuk perkembangan ke depan masih sangat kurang," kata mantan Kepala Staf Komando Garnisun Tetap (Kasgartap) III Surabaya itu.

Ia mengemukakan, idealnya dalam setiap Pasmar yang nantinya akan menjadi divisi adalah 10.000 pasukan. Namun, dengan kondisi yang ada untuk penambahan jumlah itu dilakukan secara bertahap. "Namun demikian, untuk jumlah personel itu disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan. Kalau untuk masa damai seperti sekarang ini jumlahnya cukup, tapi kalau kondisi perang tentunya sangat kurang," katanya.


HMAS Waller’s Capability Upgrades Set for Operational Trials

8 Juli 2008
Combat system in HMAS Waller (photo : DefenceGovAu)

The Royal Australian Navy is set to benefit from HMAS Waller being the first Collins-class submarine to be fitted with the new Replacement Combat System and Heavyweight Torpedo, the Minister for Defence, the Hon. Joel Fitzgibbon MP, said today.

The Replacement Combat System and Heavyweight Torpedo capabilities were provided under Projects SEA1439 Phase 4 and SEA1429, and with Initial Operational Release (IOR) now approved, HMAS Waller may commence a period of Naval Operational Test and Evaluation where those capabilities will be fully tested in an operational environment.

“These significant capability upgrades were recently approved for IOR by the Royal Australian Navy and assessed as safe and suitable for operational trials,” Mr Fitzgibbon said.

HMAS Waller - Collins class submarine (photo : Naval)

The Minister recently visited HMAS Waller in Hawaii, where its Operational Test and Evaluation activities have included participation in the Rim of the Pacific 2008 (RIMPAC 08) exercise. This exercise is currently being conducted off Hawaii and includes the participation of the United States and eight other Pacific Rim forces.

HMAS Waller represents an important milestone in realising the full capability of the Collins Class submarine and reflects the significant efforts of the prime contractor ASC, the Defence Materiel Organisation, Capability Development Group, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation and the Navy including HMAS Waller’s crew.

“The outcome also represents successful engagement with the US Navy and Australian industry and establishes an ongoing framework for the continued development of these capabilities,” Mr Fitzgibbon said.

“The two projects represent an investment by the Australian Government of approximately $890m and to have both of these complex projects progressing well is a noteworthy achievement,” Mr Fitzgibbon said.

Installation of these capabilities in further submarines is ongoing and is linked to their docking availabilities.

(Defense Aerospace)

Singapore and Israel Eye Buying Lockheed Fighter

7 Juli 2008

F-35 Lightning II - Singapore interest to buy 100 aircraft (photo : Flight Global)

WASHINGTON - Singapore has shown interest in possibly buying up to 100 of Lockheed Martin Corp's (LMT.N) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft over coming decades, matching Israel's tentative plans, the general in charge of the program for the Pentagon said on Monday.

Separately, the eight countries that have joined the United States to co-develop the plane appear to be largely sticking to their plans to buy some 730 of their own, said Air Force Maj. Gen. Charles Davis, the Pentagon's program chief.

"The Israelis have said they'd take up to 100 aircraft," he said in an interview. "The Singaporeans have said basically the same thing." Embassy spokesmen of the two countries had no immediate comment.

Development of the F-35, a family of radar-evading aircraft, was co-financed by Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Turkey, Canada, Australia, Denmark and Norway.

The United States currently plans to buy a total of 2,443 F-35 models -- including 1,763 for the U.S. Air Force and 680 for the Marine Corps and Navy together. It is the costliest U.S. arms program ever at a projected $299 billion.

Hundreds of others may be sold overseas to replace a range of fighters, including Lockheed F-16s and Boeing Co (BA.N) F-18s.

Davis predicted Japan formally would request F-35 pricing and availability information by the end of this year as part of its next fighter selection process.

"There's no doubt it'll be a strong competitor" in Japan, he said, adding talks had also taken place with Spain about the F-35 as an eventual replacement for its Harrier jump jets.
Cokpit of F-35 (photo : USCockpits)

He said the F-35 was on course to become a $1 trillion venture worldwide through 2065, when the last scheduled to be built would reach the end of its projected service life.

One trillion dollars is "what it costs to develop, buy, upgrade, sustain and fly more than 3,000 airplanes through their entire scheduled life cycle," he said, referring to the projected world fleet.

Tom Jurkowsky, a Lockheed Martin spokesman, said the F-35 program was making "outstanding technical progress, especially in the context of it being the most complex aircraft ever built."

The first F-35, a conventional take-off and landing version, began its flight testing program on December 15, 2006.

After the June 11 maiden flight of a short take-off, vertical landing model, the Pentagon's top arms buyer, John Young, said the program was more mature than comparable ones at this stage of development "in terms of quality, software, testing and manufacturing readiness."

Lockheed's chief F-35 subcontractors are Northrop Grumman Corp (NOC.N) and BAE Systems Plc (BAES.L). Two rival, interchangeable F-35 engines are under development. One is built by United Technologies Corp's (UTX.N) Pratt & Whitney unit; the other by a team of General Electric Co (GE.N) and Rolls-Royce Group Plc (RR.L).

F-35 competitors include Saab's (SAABb.ST) Gripen, the Dassault (AVMD.PA) Rafale, MiG-35 and Sukhoi Su-35, and the Eurofighter Typhoon, made by a consortium of British, German, Italian and Spanish companies.


Successful Upgrades to F/A-18 Hornet Capability

01 Juli 2008
RAAF's F/A-18 with JDAM smart bomb (photo : Boeing)

Minister for Defence, the Hon Joel Fitzgibbon MP has announced that Australia's air capability has been further enhanced by the successful trialling of a new radar warning receiver and acceptance by Air Force of the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) 'Smart Bomb'.

The first production configured F/A-18 Hornet fitted with a new Radar Warning Receiver has successfully flown at RAAF Williamtown, only 18 months after the decision to acquire the equipment.

As part of the Hornet upgrade program, Australia's fleet of F/A-18 aircraft are being fitted with upgraded Radar Warning Receivers, countermeasures systems and radar jamming systems.

Earlier this year the Royal Australian Air Force accepted the Operational and Technical Airworthiness of the JDAM 'smart-bomb' on F/A-18A/B fighter aircraft.

Joint Direct Attack Munition /JDAM (image : Ausairpower)

The JDAM 'smart-bomb' provides RAAF F/A-18A/B fighters with a state-of-the-art weapon capability, allowing them to accurately employ air-to-ground weapons during day or night and in all weather conditions through the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) technology.

"These upgrades to the F/A-18 Hornet will provide the Royal Australian Air Force with leading-edge technology, ensuring the Hornet's continued ability to operate as Australia's frontline fighter aircraft," Mr Fitzgibbon said.

"The JDAM 'smart-bomb' will provide the Air Force with greatly improved accuracy and weapon effectiveness, reducing the likelihood of collateral damage during offensive operations.

"The upgrade to the Hornet's Radar Warning Receiver is a significant achievement for the Defence Materiel Organisation as it has only been 18 months since the Raytheon ALR-67(V)3 Radar Warning Receiver was approved as part of the Hornet's Electronic Warfare Self Protection upgrade."

JDAM trajectory (image : Ausairpower)

During the 18 months since approval, the project acquired the Radar Warning Systems, completed the design, integration and testing required to install and operate the new system on the Hornet. The project is within budget and on-track to deliver the complete electronic warfare self protection upgrade to the entire Hornet fleet by late 2012.

"Given the complexity of the project, the ability to deliver within schedule and budget has been a big success for the Defence Materiel Organisation," Mr Fitzgibbon said.

(Space Daily)

Indonesia Buys New SHORADS

16 Juni 2008
Missile launcher of the TD-2000B system (photo : Tempur)

Following extensive evaluations of competing systems, the Indonesian Army earlier this year inked a US$35 million contract with the state-owned China National Precision Machinery Import Export Corp (CPMIEC) under which two TD-2000B combined gun-missile short-range air defence systems (SHORADS) are being acquired as replacements for existing BAE Systems-built Rapier Mk1 SHORADS. Deliveries will be completed by 2009. Prior to contract signature the Indonesian Army had shortlisted two competing systems from China: CPMIEC’s TD-2000B comprising QW-3 laser-guided missiles (four missiles per launcher) and NORINCO-built Type 80 57mm anti-aircraft guns; and China North Industries Corp’s (NORINCO) Giant Bow-2 twin-barrelled 23mm guns (already in service with the Indonesian Air Force) and TY-90 infra-red missiles. This is the second major weapon system of Chinese origin to have been ordered by the Indonesian armed forces. Previously, the Air Force had ordered the QW-3 shoulder-launched VSHORADS incorporating infra-red seekers, and Giant Bow-2s for base air defence operations.

The laser-guided Qian Wei-3 (QW-3, or Vanguard 3) is a 8km-range missile (that is also known as the FL-2000B) first revealed during the 2002 Zhuhai Air Show. Unlike other manportable air defence missiles that commonly use the passive IR-homing guidance, the QW-3 comes fitted with a unique nose-mounted semi-active laser guidance seeker. This enables the QW-3 to be almost immune to infra-red countermeasures. The nose-mounted laser guidance sensor has a relatively low rate of tracking (15 degrees/second) in comparison to conventional IR-homing surface-to-air missiles. However, this disadvantage is compensated by the fact that the targeted airborne aircraft is also much less manoeuvrable when flying at ultra-low altitudes. The QW-3’s missile body resembles the basic design of the earlier QW-1, but comers fitted with a second-stage booster at the missile’s rear end. This enables the missile to fly a much longer range (8km) at high-speed (750 metres/second) and also deliver a heavier, expanding-rod high-explosive fragmentation warhead with a killing-zone radius of 3 metres. The missile has a length of 2.1 metres, weighs 23kg, and has an engagement altitude of 5km.

TD-2000B comprise of : missile launcher, battery command post, tracked radar, and artillery gun (photo : Army Recognition)

The TD-2000B’s target acquisition and fire-control system comprises both a low-level search radar as well as an optronic sensor, both of which are mounted on wheeled vehicles. The OT-3 gimballed optronic sensor package mounted on the forward part of a revolving turret includes a TV tracking camera, infra-red tracking camera and a laser rangefinder, which feeds information to the onboard fire-control computer. This calculates the weapon-laying data, and when the target is within range the 57mm gun’s gunner opens fire. The gunner also has a joystick with which to lay the weapons onto the target. The TV tracker has a maximum automatic tracking range of 6km, while the infra-red tracking camera has a maximum range of 5km. The laser rangefinder has a minimum range of 500 metres, maximum range of 5.5km and is accurate to +/-5 metres. System reaction time depends on a number of factors. According to CPMIEC, in the radar search mode this is 10 seconds while in the optronic mode it is about 6 seconds. The wheeled Battery Command Post vehicle also houses the airspace surveillance radar with a maximum range of 45km and a maximum altitude of up to 4.5km. The radar was developed by the China National Electronics Import & Export Corp-oration (CEIEC). The search radar feeds information to the data processing system that in turn allocates target information to the individual QW-2/Type 80 units. Communications equipment installed in the Battery Command Post allows it to transmit information in a digital form up to 5km, by standard radio up to 15km and by wire up to 500 metres. The Command Post vehicle is also provided with an autonomous land navigation system and an auxiliary power unit needed to power the additional electronics mounted in the vehicle. The commander is seated to the rear of the driver. A bank of four electrically-operated smoke grenade launchers is mounted either side of the forward part of the vehicle.

For ultra-low-level air defence, NORINCO is now offering to select Southeast Asian countries two distinct solutions : the LD 2000 close-in weapon system (CIWS); and the YitianVSHORADS. The LD-2000, derived from the Type 730 naval CIWS is mounted on locally developed cross-country 8x8 truck. To provide a more stable firing platform, four stabilisers are lowered to the ground. Mounted at the rear is the remote controlled turret armed with a 30mm seven-barrel cannon. Twoamunition boxes each hold 500 rounds of ready-to-use ammunition. One magazine holds armour-piercing discarding-sabot and the other high-explosive rounds. The 30mm cannon has a cyclic rate of fire 0f 4.000 rounds/minute out to 3km, but airborne targets will be engaged between 1km and 1.5km. The power-operated mount is unmanned and laid onto the target by a gunner who is seated in a fully enclosed module to the rear of the cab. Mounted on the top of the 30mm gun mount is a wide band tracking and an optronic fire-control system, which also incorporates a laser rangefinder. Target information comes from a wheeled command/control vehicle fitted with a surveillance radar, which controls between three and six LD-2000 firing units. Another version of the LD-2000 comes equipped with the gun plus six TY-90 very short-range surface-to-air missiles.

57mm anti aircraft gun (photo : Kaskus Militer)

The Yitian VSHORADS is mounted on NORINCO’s WZ-551 series 6x6 armoured personnel carrier (APC). A turret, armed with four TY-90 aurface-to-air missiles located either side of the sensor package, is mounted on the upper part of the WZ-551’s chassis. The sensor package comprises an optronic system, above which is mounted new 3-D radar that can be folded down into a horizontal position while traveling. The 3-D radar has a detection range of 18km and a tracking range of 10km. Targets can be tracked either in the optronic mode or in the radar mode, with the engagement capability and can engage targets with a maximum velocity of up to 400 metres/second, with a claimed reaction time of six to eight seconds. The TY-90 solid-propellant missile has a maximum effective range between 300 metres and 6km, with altitude coverage from 15 metres up to 4km. The fire and forget missile is transported and launched from a box-type container and has four fins at the rear and four control surfaces at the front. Once the missiles have been fitted new missiles are reloaded using a support vehicle. The WZ-551 chassis includes a nuclear/biological/chemical warfare protection system, and a central tyre pressure regulation system that allows the driver to adjust the tyre pressure to suite the terrain being crossed. A 12.7mm machine gun is mounted at the front right side of the vehicle for local defence, with a bank of three electrically operated smoke grenade launchers mounted either side of the turret. Optional equipment includes an identification friend-or-foe capability.

In another development, the Indonesian navy has zeroed in on the CPMIEC-built C-802A anti-ship cruise missile, which will be retrofitted on to some of the Navy’s existing principal surface combatants. The 180km-range C-802A is currently in service wih the navies of Bangladesh, China, Pakistan and Thailand, and is also being offered to Malaysia as replacement for the existing MBDA-built MM-38 Exocet anti-ship missiles that are nearing the end of their service lives. The latest test-firing of the C-802A took place on May 12 when the Bangladesh Navy’s BNS Osman (a Jianghu IV-class-guided-missile frigate) successfully test-fired a C-802A in the Bay of Bengal, following an upgrade to the missile system with the assistance of a Chinese technical team, officials said. The BNS Osman, commissioned on May 4, 1989 into the Bangladesh Navy, used to be 556 Xiangtan of the PLA Navy’s South Sea Fleet beforeshe was decommissioned and sold to Bangladesh about 20 years ago.


29 Mei 2009

S. Korea to Ink Subs-for-Aircraft Deal With Indonesia

30 Juni 2008
South Korea's CN-235 (photo : Airliners)

South Korea is nearing a $1-billion deal with Indonesia to trade two of its 1,300-ton attack submarines and related technology for eight Indonesian-built advanced maritime patrol aircraft, a military source said Monday.

Arms procurement officials from the two nations, which forged a ``strategic partnership'' in December 2006, will meet next week in Indonesia to sign a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the proposed deal, the source said.

``The two sides have virtually finalized the deal, as Indonesia accepted our final proposal on June 12 when its vice defense chief was visiting,'' the source privy to the deal told The Korea Times on condition of anonymity.

``As long as there are no other developments, the two sides will sign an MOU during the meeting to implement the project,'' he said.

Unless the MOU is signed during the working-level talks, Defense Minister Lee Sang-hee will address the issue with his Indonesian counterpart when he visits Jakarta this month, he said.

Russia is also competing to sell its submarines to Indonesia by offering a package of weapons systems, including attack and transport helicopters, and armored vehicles, along with cash, he noted.

Under the ``counter-purchase mechanism,'' the source said, South Korea will export two Type-209 Changbogo-class submarines, built by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in technical cooperation with Germany's Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW), and transfer related technology to Indonesia.

The diesel/electric propulsion sub, measuring 56 meters in length and 5.5 meters in width, can submerge to a depth up to 250 meters and has an underwater endurance of some 15 days. It has a surface speed of 11 knots and can cruise submerged at a speed of 22 knots. The sub can carry up to 33 sailors.
Chang Bogo class submarine (photo : Military-Today)

The Korean Navy operates nine Type-209 submarines armed with torpedoes and submarine-to-surface missiles. The per-unit price is more than $200 million.

In return, Indonesia's arms manufacturer PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PT DI) will deliver eight CN-235 aircraft for maritime patrol operations to Korea as part of offset contracts, the source said, adding the Korea Coast Guard will operate the aircraft.

The CN-235 is a medium-range twin-turbo-prop airplane, jointly developed by Indonesia and Spain, and is widely used by a number of foreign operators, such as the U.S. Coast Guard, Malaysia, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates for maritime patrol, surveillance and troop transport.

The aircraft has a top cruising speed of 509 km/h and can operate at an altitude of 9,145m. It has a range of 5,000 km with maximum fuel and 2870 km with a 4,000-kg payload. A variant for maritime patrol costs some $25 million, said the source.

Korea purchased eight CN-235s for VIP and transport units in the early 2000s in a similar trade deal with Indonesia, which bought a squadron of Korea's indigenous KT-1 Woongbi basic trainer jets and hundreds of military vehicles. The deal was worth $150 million.

The envisaged subs-for-aircraft deal is expected to help boost Korea's defense industry further by resuscitating the production line for Changbogo-class submarines, another source said.

``I believe the deal would be mutually beneficial,'' he said. ``For Korea's part, the submarine exports would not only help raise the low operational capacity of the country's shipbuilders in the future, but also offer more chances to get more submarine contracts from Indonesia and other nations.''

In a move to boost bilateral cooperation in the defense industry, Former President Roh Moo-hyun and his Indonesian counterpart, Susilo Bambang Yodhoyono, issued a joint declaration on “strategic partnership relationship” during a summit in December 2006.

The two leaders agreed to improve cooperation on defense-related technology transfer and joint development.

Last December, South Korea’s rolling stock maker Rotem agreed with Indonesia’s PT.PINDAD on the joint development and production of six-wheel-drive armored vehicles.

(The Korea Times)

TNI AL Tambah Kekuatan Armada Patroli

18 Juni 2008
Kapal Patroli Sea Hunter (photo : Defense Studies)

Kepala Dinas Penerangan Angkatan Laut (Kadispenal) Laksamana Pertama TNI Iskandar Sitompul, SE mengatakan, dua (Kapal Angkatan Laut) KAL 12 meter/ Sea Hunter KAL Tanjung Bara dan KAL Pulau Lengkuas produksi Fasilitas Pemeliharaan dan Perbaikan (Fasharkan) Jakarta diserahterimakan dari Kepala Fasharkan Jakarta Kolonel Laut (T) Sudarmoko kepada Kepala Dinas Material Angkatan Laut (Kadismatal) Laksamana Pertama TNI Mashyuri Ishak, S.IP di kantor Fasharkan Jakarta, Pondok dayung, Rabu (18/6). Kedua KAL tersebut selanjutnya akan memperkuat unsur Patroli Keamanan Laut Pangkalan Angkatan Laut (Lanal) Bangka Belitung dan Lanal Sangatta yang diterima oleh Danlanal bangka Belitung Letkol Laut (P) Edi Sucipto.

Lebih lanjut dikatakan Kadispenal, kedua kapal ini merupakan produksi fasharkan Jakarta yang telah ditingkatkan kemampuannya dari produksi sebelumnya. Langkah ini merupakan upaya Transfer Of Technology (ToT) dalam pembuatan kapal dikelasnya. Kemampuan KAL Sea Hunter berukuran panjang 12 meter dan lebar 2,7 meter serta tinggi 1,18 meter diperuntukkan untuk keperluan patroli cepat dengan kecepatan maksimum 38 knot dan kecepatan jelajah mencapai 21,5 knot serta dilengkapi dengan peralatan navigasi radar dan Global Positioning System (GPS).

“Dengan desain yang ramping dan aerodinamis, kapal patroli jenis ini memungkinkan untuk melakukan manuver di wilayah perairan sempit terutama untuk mendukung pangkalan Angkatan Laut dalam melakukan patroli pengamanan laut di sekitar pantai”, jelas Kadispenal.

Desain konstruksi Sea Hunter lanjut Kadispenal terbuat dari Fiberglass Reinforced Polyester (FRP) dengan polyester resin untuk aplikasi kelautan (marine). Kapal patroli ini diawaki oleh 4 orang ABK dan mampu mengangkut 10 orang penumpang.
Sea Hunter tengah menjalani uji coba (photo : TNI-AL)

Usai upacara serah terima kapal, Kadismatal beserta undangan lain melakukan uji coba menggunakan kedua kapal tersebut di wilayah perairan Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok, Jakarta.

Demikian berita Dinas Penerangan Angkatan Laut.


28 Mei 2009

Oto Melara 105 Pack Howitzer and Small Calibre Turrets for Indonesia

16 Juni 2008

Pack howitzer 105mm made by PT. Pindad under licence OTO Melara (photo : Defense Studies)

Today PT. PINDAD PERSERO of Indonesia and Oto Melara Italy have signed a memorandum of understanding for the joint commercialization and coproduction for the 105mm Pack Howitzer and small calibre artillery turrets for medium size wheeled and tracked vehicles.

PT. PINDAD PERSEO is the leading Indonesian manufacturer of such class of vehicles, whereas Oto Melara is international leader in naval and land weapon systems.

The agreement also covers the possibility of know-how transfer for local production related to the domestic market.

(OTO Melara)

TNI Kembangkan Simulator Meriam S-60/57mm

10 Juni 2008

Simulator meriam S-60/57mm (photo : Yutob)

Simulator Meriam 57mm/S-60 Produk Unggulan Litbang Angkatan Darat

Dengan latar belakang instruksi Presiden RI dan kebijakan Menteri Pertahanan RI tentang pengadaan Alutsista Litbang TNI – Angkatan Darat termasuk Pusat Kesenjataan Arteleri Pertahanan Udara (PUSSENARHANUD) Kodiklat TNI AD senantiasa menggiatkan inovasi dan kreativitas untuk melengkapi dan memodernisir persenjataannya.

Pussenarhanud Kodiklat mampu menciptakan Simulator Meriam 57 mm/s-60 yang merupakan produk unggulan Litbang TNI – Angkatan darat. Pengalaman selama ini telah membuktikan bagaimana ketergantungan terhadap Alutsista produk negara asing banyak merugikan TNI.

Memang tidak satupun negara di dunia ini yang sanggup mandiri secara hakiki dalam melengkapi kebutuhan Alutsistanya, tetapi sudah waktunya TNI mengurangi ketergantungan itu dengan memberdayakan kemampuannya dan memanfaatkan produk pabrikan dalam negeri, tidak selalu mengandalkan produk negara asing untuk melengkapi dan memodernisir persenjataan TNI.

Dalam masalah kemandirian alat pertahanan, Presiden RI Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono telah berpesan kepada Menteri Pertahanan RI (Menhan) Yuwono Sudarsono untuk konsisten terhadap kebijakan pemerintah selama ini yang bertekad untuk mengedepankan produk dalam negeri, tentunya termasuk memberdayakan Litbang untuk berinovasi dan berkreasi Presiden mengajak seluruh komponen bangsa khususnya BUMN industri strategis kita menunjang kepentingan pertahanan negara, untuk bekerjasama agar kemandirian dalam bidang pertahanan, khususnya mengenai Alutsista dapat terealisir. Walaupun pemerintah akan menyerap sebanyak mungkin produksi persenjataan dalam negeri, namun SBY tetap mengingatkan agar industri dalam negeri terus melakukan kerjasama alih teknologi dengan industri asing.

Dengan latar belakang instruksi Presiden RI dan kebijakan Menteri Pertahanan RI tentang pengadaan Alutsista Litbang TNI – Angkatan Darat termasuk Pusat Kesenjataan Arteleri Pertahanan Udara (PUSSENARHANUD) Kodiklat TNI AD senantiasa menggiatkan inovasi dan kreativitas untuk melengkapi dan memodernisir persenjataannya. Pussenarhanud Kodiklat mampu menciptakan Simulator Meriam 57 MM/S-60 yang merupakan produk unggulan Litbang TNI – Angkatan Darat.

Simulator Meriam 57MM/S-60 merupakan wahana efektif dan efisien untuk melatih awak 3 (azimuth dan penembakan) dan awak 4 (elevasi) dalam mengoperasikan Meriam 57MM/S-60. Parameter pengoperasian yang dilakukan awak lainnya dimodelkan dengan perangkat lunak berbasis komputer.

Meriam S-60 57mm milik TNI Angkatan Darat (photo : Kaskus Militer)

Simulator ciptaan prajurit – prajurit TNI ini dalam aplikasinya menggunakan Meriam 57MM/S-60 manual (tanpa AKT). Medan latihan, yang digunakan sesuai (mendekati) kondisi di lapangan. Variasi serangan (serangan udara datar, tukik, lempar jarak jauh, lempar vertikal, lempar lewat sasaran, heli tempur, dan lain-lain). Memodelkan perilaku tembakan berbasis sudut tangguh, berbantuan perangkat lunak berbasis komputer. Pentahapan dan penjenjangan tingkat kesulitan profile serangan dapat disesuaikan. Kemampuan teknis bisa dikembangkan (upgradable).

Simulator ini memiliki fitur wahana pelatihan efisien, efektif dan meminimumkan resiko. Produk hasil proses Lakgiat Litbang yang terkoordinasi. Perpaduan komponen/perangkat Comercial Off The Self (COTS) dan komponen produksi dalam negeri (local content) yang optimal. Memanfaatkan basis teknologi yang dapat diperbaharui dan dikembangkan (upgradable)

Gambaran Pengoperasiannya :
- Awak 3 (azimuth dan penembakan) mengoperasikan pergerakan azimuth dan pedal tembak, sesuai operasi sesungguhnya, dengan LCD untuk visualisasi kolimator azimuth, sasaran tembak dan medan latihan.
- Awak 4 (elevasi) mengoperasikan pergerakan elevasi laras, sesuai operasi sesungguhnya, dengan LCD untuk visualisasi kolimator elevasi, sasaran tembak dan medan latihan. Pelatih berposisi pada instruktur (Instructor Station), bertugas untuk memandu, menginisialisasi, memvariasikan sasaran, memonitor dan melaporkan hasil pelatihan. Latihan difokuskan pada koordinasi dan sinkronisasi pengendalian gerak antara awak azimuth dan awak elevasi.

Untuk menjalankan tugas instruktur, perangkat Instructor Station dilengkapi dengan fasilitas untuk mendukung pengoperasian. Beberapa contoh tampilan fasilitas tersebut ditunjukan pada gambar berikut :

- Sensor Pergerakan azimuth
- Sensor pergerakan elevasi
- Sensor penembakan
- Komputer industrial WinXP, Memory 2 GB, HD 80GB, dan perangkat tambahan
- LCD awak azimuth
- LCD awak elevasi
- Sound System 5.1
- Main power supply elektrik


New Singapore Munition Bursts onto World Market

16 Juni 2008

Low Velocity Air Burst Munition System (photo : Jane's)

Singapore Technologies Kinetics (Stand B105) is launching on the international market at Eurosatory this year its latest 40mm Low Velocity Air-Burst Munition System (LV ABMS), comprising a fire control system (FCS) and the high explosive (HE) air bursting munition (ABM).
The FCS clips onto a rail on top of the weapon and includes a laser rangefinder with a maximum range of 500m (with an option of 800m), with the operator being provided with a red dot for aiming purposes.

The 40 x 46mm ABM is fired from current in-service 40mm low velocity (LV) grenade launchers such as the CIS 40GL and US M203, which are installed under the barrel of 5.56mm assault rifles to enable high value targets to be neutralised.
Each HE ABM is fitted with an advanced programmable time based fuze that is not armed until it is 14-28m from the weapon and enables the projectile to be detonated above the target for maximum effect. The maximum range is 400m and the ABM features a self-destruct fuze to reduce the number of dud rounds on the battlefield.

Development and testing of the 40mm LV ABMS are complete and production can commence as soon as orders are placed. STK also manufactures a complete family of
40mm high velocity ammunition as well as a 40mm automatic grenade launcher and a 40mm Light Weight Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL) with an ABM FCS.


Pesawat CN235-200 MPA Pesanan Dephan Diserahterimakan

6 Juni 2008

CN-235MPA TNI Angkatan Udara (photo : Defense Studies)

PT. Dirgantara Indonesia (DI) menyerahkan satu unit CN235 -220 Maritim Patrol Aircraf (MPA) kepada Departemen Pertahanan dalam suatu upacara di Lanud Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta, Jumat (6/6), yang selanjutnya diserahkan kepada TNI AU untuk digunakan secara operasional.

Penyerahan pesawat CN235-220 MPA tersebut, ditandai dengan penandatangan naskah serah terima oleh Dirut PT. DI Budi Santoso dan Dirjen Sarana Pertahanan Dephan Marsda TNI Eris Herryanto, sedangkan pihak TNI AU diwakili Asisten Logistik KSAU Marsda TNI Iman Wahyudi.

Menurut Budi Santoso, pesawat tersebut merupakan pesawat yang diproduksi untuk misi khusus yang dilengkapi dengan peralatan modern dan sesuai untuk mengamankan wilayah Indonesia.

Pesawat ini dalam tugas pemantauan dilengkapi jenis radar penjejak bahari dan radar cuaca secara multi fungsi tipe ocean master 100 MK II produk Thales Airbone system, kecuali radar pendeteksi bahari dan cuaca.

Pesawat CN 235 ini juga dilengkapi dengan storm escape untuk mendeteksi kandungan electro magnetic pada saat pendeteksian bahari berlangsung yang dipadu dengan perangkat bantu elektronik (ESM) tipe Vigile 200 lansiran Thales Airbone system.

Dia menambahkan pada tahun 2000 PT. DI telah mengadopsi sistem kendali situasi misi patroli bahari secara lintas udara untuk mendokrak kinerja pesawat CN 235-220 MPA yang dipesan Departemen Pertahanan.

Kecagihan pesawat ini konfigurasi MPA terletak pada peralatan elektronik yang dipasang di pesawatnya yang merupakan konfigurasi militer untuk kepentingan patroli pantai.

Selain negara Indonesia yang memerlukan pesawat versi ini, beberapa negara Asia seperti Malaysia, Brunei, Korsel, dan Timur Tengah juga memerlukannya untuk dapat memenuhi misi yang diemban suatu negara yaitu negara yang memiliki batas kelautan.
Sementara itu, Dirjen Ranahan Eris Herryanto mengatakan perjanjian kontrak jual beli dilakukan PT DI dan Dephan pada 1996 tentang pengadaan tiga unit pesawat CN235 MPA ini telah diamandenkan beberapa kali menjadi satu unit CN 235 Truck transport, satu unit CN 235 MPA dan satu set suku cadang dan juga jasa.

Sebelumnya, pada bulan November 2006 telah diserahkan satu unit pesawat terbang CN235 dengan konfigurasi truk transport N.19 dari PT DI kepada Dephan dan saat ini digunakan oleh TNI AU.

Menurut Dirjen, materi kontrak jual beli pesawat tersebut yang belum diserahkan ke Departemen Pertahanan adalah satu set suku cadang disamping beberapa masalah masih ditunda terkait dengan perangkat keras maupun lunak yang belum disempurnakan.

Dia berharap agar penyelesaian sisa materiil dari kontrak jual beli tersebut yang terkait suku cadang termasuk di dalamnya pengadaan peralatan Pick Ground Station maupun beberapa masalah mission system yang masih tertunda segera direalisasikan sehingga dapat digunakan untuk mendukung kegiatan operasi TNI AU.

Selain itu, kata Dirjen, PT, DI agar segera mempersiapkan realitasi kontrak jual beli terhadap pengadaan 16 unit Helikopter Super Puma untuk TNI AU, yang hingga sampai saat ini baru diserahkan 7 unit, sehingga dapat memperkuat jajaran AU dalam menunjang tugas pokoknya.

Ery Herryanto mengatakan meskipun dalam kondisi dihadapkan pada berbagai keterbatasan namun PT DI mampu menyelesaikan pembangunan satu unit CN 235 konfigurasi MPA untuk TNI AU. Menurutnya kemampuan PT. DI dalam penyelesaikan kontrak yang telah lama tertunda tersebut, diharapkan menjadi signal positif dari kemampuan PT DI itu sendiri secara bertahap bangkit menuju kondisi yang lebih baik. (T. Yr/toeb/b)


Manila to Buy 10 Military Helicopters from Singapore

4 Juni 2008
Bell UH-1 of Singapore (photo : USWarplanes)

MANILA - The Philippines is negotiating to buy 10 second-hand combat helicopters from Singapore to beef up the military's efforts to defeat Muslim and communist rebels, a senior general said on Wednesday.

The air force general, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Reuters the government had allocated 400 million pesos ($9 million) to buy the night-capable refurbished aircraft from Singapore in a commercial deal.

"This is not the first time we're entering into a deal with Singapore to acquire U.S.-made UH-1H helicopters," the general said, adding 20 similar single-engined aircraft had been transferred by Singapore in 2005.

The Philippines has 40 helicopters, mostly second-hand, donated by the United States as part of military assistance to fight communist New People's Army rebels and Muslim militants with ties to Jemaah Islamiah.

Last year, the government set aside nearly 8 billion pesos to acquire new attack helicopters and utility helicopters.

The new armed forces chief, Lieutenant-General Alexander Yano, said the military's aging hardware was affecting its ability to defend its borders.

"To be frank with you, our capability as far as these aspects are concerned is a little deficient," Yano told reporters on Wednesday.

"We cannot really defend all these areas because of the lack of equipment."


NZ Looks to Upgrade ANZAC Frigates

19 Mei 2008

Phalanx CIWS block 1B (photo : Navweaps)

Beginning in 1989, New Zealand and Australia introduced the ANZAC Class frigates, based on Blohm + Voss’ Meko 200 modular design. A total of 10 were built, 8 for Australia and another 2 for New Zealand; HMNZS Te Kaha [F77] was commissioned in 1997, and HMNZS Te Mana [F111] in 1999. The ships were originally fitted with RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles, torpedoes, and 5 inch guns, which will not suffice against modern threats. An Australian program called “ANZAC Class Anti-Ship Missile Defences” aims to extend their useful operational lives by upgrading their ships’ combat systems and radar, switching to the more advanced RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow missile, adding Harpoon anti-ship missiles, and other upgrades. New Zealand appears to be headed toward a similar program, in the wake of conclusions that the ships’ existing systems will not remain effective much past 2010.

As an initial step, New Zealand’s TV3 reports that their navy is spending NZ$ 25 million to upgrade their Mk15 Phalanx 20mm gatling guns to deal with fast boats and helicopters, as well as incoming missiles. These Phalanx block 1B upgrades can be performed quickly, and do not require major modifications or down time.

HMNZS Te Kaha (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

A NZ$60 million platform systems upgrade is likely to begin in 2009 and be complete by 2010. Areas addressed are likely to include items like gearboxes and engines, generators, air conditioning units, generating equipment, main machinery control equipment and computers outside of the combat system. That change would wait until 2012-2013, whereupon a NZ$ 500 million self-defense upgrade would address upgrades to the combat system and the weaponry it controls. That effort is part of the New Zealand Defence Force’s 2006 long-term development plan, but this does not guarantee future funding.

(Defense Industry Daily)

Philippine Air force Orders More SF-260 Trainers

14 Mei 2008

PAF also used SF-260TP as a COIN (photo : Airliners)

The Philippines has advanced its air force modernisation efforts by signing a $13.8 million deal with Italy's Alenia Aermacchi for 18 SF-260F primary trainers.

To be delivered over an 18-month period from mid-2009, the new aircraft will be manufactured in Italy, but assembled locally by Aerotech Industries Philippines. Announced on 12 May, the deal also covers the provision of pilot and technician training services, ground support equipment and spare parts, says Alenia Aermacchi.

The Philippine air force is already an operator of the SF-260 (Italian air force examples pictured above), having previously acquired 64 to support its training activities. However, only around 25 of these earlier aircraft are currently operational, according to Flight's MiliCAS database.

Manila also has around 11 SIAI Marchetti S-211 basic jet trainers in use, with Alenia Aermacchi now marketing an extensively redesigned version called the M-311.

(Flight International)

27 Mei 2009

ThalesRaytheonSystems signs contract for Malaysian Air Defense Ground Environment Upgrade Using New Digital Radar

21 April 2008

ThalesRaytheon Groundmaster 400 air defense radar (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

MASSY, France & FULLERTON, Calif., – ThalesRaytheonSystems has been awarded a contract by the Ministry of Defense, Government of Malaysia, to upgrade the Malaysian Air Defense Ground Environment system. Financial details of the contract were not disclosed. The upgrade will create a new Air Defense Sector Operations Center and includes the installation of one new long-range air defense radar.

The SOC command and control software will be an adaptation of the Sentry® Air Defense Ground Environment System developed by ThalesRaytheonSystems in Fullerton, Calif. Sentry is also the basis for the Battle Control System recently declared operational by the U.S. Air Force and Canadian Air Force for the air defense of the North American continent.

Groundmaster 400's new version : radar on truck (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

The long-range air defense radar, will be delivered by ThalesRaytheonSystems in France. It is part of a new family of high- medium- and low-altitude digital radars that provides unmatched detection performances as well as an outstanding operational availability.

The radar is perfectly adapted to overcome the challenges of the Malaysian country, which is characterized by its tropical environment and the need to operate simultaneously over mountainous terrain, costal plains, and oceanic approaches.

This award continues the long history of cooperation between ThalesRaytheonSystems and the Royal Malaysian Air Force, which dates back to the installation of the first automated command and control system for the RMAF in Butterworth.


Lanud Tarakan Beroperasi Awal 2009

29 Februari 2008

Hawk 209 TNI Angkatan Udara (photo : TNI-AU)

Pesawat-pesawat tempur TNI AU yang selama ini berada di Lanud Balikpapan akan digeser.

TNI Angkatan Udara tengah membangun Pangkalan Udara (Lanud) di Tarakan, Kalimantan Timur. Menurut Kepala Staf Komando Operasi Angkatan Udara (Koopsau) II Marsma Benyamin Dandel, bila pembangunan berjalan lancar direncanakan awal 2009 lanud tersebut sudah dapat beroperasi.

Nantinya, lanud tersebut dikomandani perwira berpangkat letkol serta diawaki kurang lebih 200 personel. Menurutnya, penyiapan lanud untuk mengantisipasi berbagai kemungkinan buruk yang bakal terjadi. "Khususnya menyangkut isu sengketa perbatasan Indonesia dan Malaysia di wilayah Kalimantan Utara," ujar Dandel dalam siaran pers yang diterima redaksi, Kamis (28/2).

Sebelumnya, satuan TNI AU di Tarakan masih berupa pos AU. Di luar itu, unsur udara yang bertugas meng-cover wilayah perbatasan Indonesia-Malaysia selama ini adalah Satuan Radar (Satrad ) 225. Dengan beroperasinya Lanud Tarakan, nantinya kehadiran pesawat-pesawat tempur yang selama ini berada di Lanud Balikpapan akan digeser ke pangkalan tipe C itu.

Pasalnya, perbatasan dengan Malaysia di sekitar Tarakan merupakan daerah strategis yang merupakan penghasil minyak terbesar di Indonesia. "Harus ada langkah antisipasi, termasuk dengan menghadirkan pesawat tempur," kata alumnus Akademi Angkatan Udara tahun 1977 itu.

Dia belum bisa memastikan berapa banyaknya pesawat yang akan dihadirkan. Semua kembali pada kebijakan pimpinan yang tentunya disesuaikan dengan kesiapan pesawat dan eskalasi ancaman.

Mengenai kesiapan landasan, Dandel optimis Lanud Tarakan akan mampu didarati pesawat tempur yang ada saat ini, seperti Sukhoi, F-16, F-5, maupun Hawk 100/200. Pasalnya, kini tengah dilaksanakan proyek memperpanjang runway menjadi 2240 m. Dia berharap, Pemda Kota Tarakan dan Provinsi Kalimantan Timur dapat mendukung terwujudnya Lanud Tarakan.

Menanggapi hal ini, Wakil Walikota Tarakan Tamrin AD menyatakan dukungan penuh atas prakarsa matra udara membangun lanud di wilayahnya. Menurutnya, di Tarakan memang perlu dihadirkan kekuatan-kekuatan TNI, termasuk unsur Angkatan Udara, untuk mengimbangi kekuatan negara tetangga Malaysia yang seringkali membuat manuver dan provokasi.

"Kedaulatan merupakan harga mati. Kami sangat dukung setiap upaya menghadirkan kekuatan TNI - Polri di Tarakan," katanya. Dia menambahkan, pihaknya kini telah menyiapkan lahan seluas 168 hektar milik Pemda, yang berada di sebelah Bandara Juwata, Tarakan.

Sementara untuk pembangunannya, tahun anggaran 2007 Pemda Kaltim telah mensubsidi dana Rp10 miliar dan Pemkot Tarakan Rp2,5 miliar. Pembangunan sudah dilaksanakan sejak 2005. Saat ini sedang berjalan pembangunan landasan, fasilitas lanud seperti komplek perkantoran, dan infrastruktur lainnya.

(Jurnal Nasional)

Malaysian Navy to Seek Funding for ASW Helicopters

25 April 2008

Kamov Ka-28 (photo : Moneesh)

Malaysia's navy has put its requirement for anti-submarine warfare helicopters at the top of a list of priorities, with the service planning to ask for funding for the procurement during the country's 2011-15 spending plan.
NH Industries NH-90 (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

"ASW helicopters are a higher priority than maritime patrol aircraft or other aerial assets. We will need around six to operate with our new Scorpene submarines," says navy chief Adm Abdul Aziz Jaafar. "Money is tight and there are a lot of things that everyone wants, but we'll ask the government to put aside some funds in the 10th Malaysia Plan."

A competition is likely to begin around 2010 at the earliest, with the order likely to include an option for an additional six helicopters, say industry sources in Kuala Lumpur. The contenders are likely to include the AgustaWestland Super Lynx, Kaman SH-2 Seasprite, Kamov Ka-28, NH Industries NH90 and Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk. "Whichever company can give us the better technology, the better it is for us," says Abdul Aziz.
Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk (photo : Airliners)
The helicopters would eventually replace the navy's six AgustaWestland Super Lynx 300s and six Eurocopter AS555 Fennecs. The service retired a fleet of Westland Wasps in 1999.

"When you have ASW helicopters, you can work effectively with and against submarines. Both are force multipliers, and their sheer presence will undoubtedly enhance underwater and anti-submarine warfare capability. This is very conducive considering the fact that Malaysia has a large maritime area and vast economic potential that needs to be protected," says Abdul Aziz.
AgustaWestland Super Lynx (photo : Aiad)

He adds that the service is keen on acquiring maritime patrol aircraft capabilities, with Embraer and Lockheed Martin having held informal talks with the Malaysian government about providing aircraft. "The reality is that this will be an expensive purchase and it is not really our highest priority. When we do go forward on this, we will work together with our colleagues in the air force to decide on the best aircraft."
Kaman SH-2 Seasprite (photo : Naval Technology)

Priority will also be given to the acquisition of unmanned air vehicles, which can also be used for maritime patrol missions along the Malacca Straits and the South China Sea. "We are giving a greater emphasis on UAVs as we feel that this technology will be useful for us. Again, we will work with the air force," says Abdul Aziz.

(Flight International)