11 November 2019

China to Provide $84M Grant to Strengthen Kingdom’s Military

11 November 2019

China will grant 600 yuan to support military (photo : PhnomPenhPost)

China will grant the Kingdom 600 million yuan ($84 million) as it continues to support the strengthening of the Cambodian military, Minister of National Defence Tea Banh said on Wednesday.

The aid is to upgrade equipment and improve training, in what was described as comprehensive Chinese assistance in response to Cambodian military deficiencies.

Banh led a delegation of high-ranking Cambodian military officials to the 7th Military World Games sporting event in Wuhan, in China’s Hubei province. During the five-day visit that ended on Tuesday, he discussed regional security issues with China’s Minister of National Defence Wei Fenghe.

In addition to attending the Military World Games, Banh also joined defence ministers from 23 countries at the 9th Beijing Xiangshan Forum.

Speaking to journalists on Wednesday at the Phnom Penh International Airport upon his return from China, he said the Chinese grant, which will be used to enhance the country’s military capabilities, demonstrated the strengthening of cooperation between Cambodia and China.

“We have an important agreement – China will grant 600 million yuan to the Cambodian military, which we will use to increase military capacity. We will continue our cooperation, which is unwavering. We reaffirmed the continuation of existing operations as we continue to further strengthen cooperation,” he said.

Banh told The Post that China continued to assist Cambodia in strengthening the Kingdom’s defensive capabilities. He said the Ministry of National Defence had used the funds to address deficiencies, including procuring advanced equipment for the military, improving training and developing infrastructure.

“We are strengthening all areas as we upgrade our defensive capabilities to the next level. We have a lot of shortages and a lot of needs, so it is not just about equipment.

“We use the assistance to address deficiencies, including in training and infrastructure development, as well as the construction of schools and hospitals, and improving the facilities at health centres,” Banh said.

Regarding the suspension of annual military exercises between Cambodia and the US and a decline in military relations, Banh said this would be difficult when assistance came with conditions.

“[The Chinese] are dedicated fully to helping us address our deficiencies, enabling us to move forward.

“If [the US] helps us partially and then demands something else, it makes it difficult for us to follow them. It is normal to cooperate when there is agreement on both sides, and we have to follow this agreement.

“But if cooperation comes hesitantly and requires Cambodia to do this or that, we cannot do that. That is why we have had to postpone some things,” Banh said.

Separately, RCAF deputy commander-in-chief General Ith Sarath on Wednesday welcomed a Chinese People’s Liberation Army delegation led by Special Colonel Zhang Yuan Song to discuss preparations for next year’s joint Golden Dragon military exercises.

“The live-fire field at the Techo Sen Chumkiri Training School in Kampot province’s Chumkiri district, where we held the drills last year, is a good location for the Golden Dragon exercises,” Sarath told Zhang.

Zhang thanked Sarath, who is the chairman of the 2020 Golden Dragon organising committee, for the discussions on next year’s exercises to ensure they would be as successful as previous years.

RCAF General Command spokesman Thong Solimo said next year’s Golden Dragon exercises would be held in March, with 2,000 Cambodian soldiers and more than 200 Chinese troops taking part.

The events would focus on counter-terrorism, hostage freeing and natural disaster rescue drills, so that the Kingdom’s soldiers can fulfil their duties on UN peacekeeping missions and as part of UN engineering teams, he said.

“There are no major changes for the forces to take part in the exercises . . . Armoured vehicles, artillery and mortars are to be used, as well as helicopters and air support weapons,” Solimo said.


Ambisi PTDI Produksi 36 Pesawat N219 per Tahun di 2024

11 November 2019

N219 Nurtanio (photo : Gramho)

PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Persero) atau PTDI menarget dapat memproduksi 36 pesawat N219 per tahun di 2024. Adapun N219 diberi nama Nurtanio oleh Presiden Joko Widodo (Jokowi) setelah beberapa kali sukses melakukan uji penerbangan.

Direktur Produksi PTDI, Muhammad Ridlo Akbar menjelaskan, untuk mewujudkan target itu, pihaknya saat ini tengah mengajukan investasi ke Bappenas dengan nilai di atas USD 120 juta untuk pengembangan kapasitas produksi pesawat N219.

“Totalnya ini untuk pembangunan 36 pesawat dalam 5 tahun ke depan, kalau N219 total di atas USD 120 juta,” katanya kepada kumparan, Sabtu (9/11).

Dia pun mengungkapkan, saat ini pabrik eksisting PTDI hanya mampu membangun 4 pesawat N219 per tahun. Sementara berdasarkan kebutuhan pasar, diperlukan 36 pesawat N219. Oleh karenanya PTDI mencari investasi untuk pabrik ini melalui Bappenas.

“Produksi kami dimulai dari 4 pesawat per tahun. Tapi untuk memenuhi market share sampai 36 pesawat per tahun diperlukan peningkatan kapasitas produksi. Ini yang biaya investasinya kami ajukan ke Bappenas,” tegas Ridlo.

Menurutnya, N219 merupakan pesawat dengan kapasitas 19 penumpang yang mampu terbang dan mendarat di landasan pendek sehingga mudah beroperasi di daerah terpencil. Pesawat ini dinilai cocok untuk beroperasi di daerah pelosok di Indonesia.

Ridlo menambahkan pada tahun ini, PTDI memproduksi 9 pesawat dan 1 helikopter. Dari 9 pesawat itu, sebanyak 3 pesawat dikirimkan ke luar negeri dan 6 sisanya untuk dalam negeri. Sementara untuk helikopter merupakan pesanan Basarnas.

“Total kira-kira 9 pesawat, luar negeri 3 dan dalam negeri 6. Helikopter ada untuk Basarnas. Saat ini kami juga sudah melakukan pengembangan kapasitas pabrik jenis pesawat lain secara bertahap,” katanya.


PHL Defense Budget Needs 2% of GDP to be at Par with Asean–Military

11 November 2019

Philippine Navy fleet (photo : epoch times)

MANILA, Philippines — The Philippine government should increase its defense spending to at least 2 percent of the country’s growth domestic product (GDP) to increase the readiness of its armed forces and keep up with its neighbors in the region.

Despite the recent new acquisitions of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, its capability to defend the country’s territory remains limited, Brig. Gen Roy Galido of the AFP Systems Engineering Office told lawmakers during a briefing at the House of Representatives early this week.

“There’s a need to premise our defense expenditure on our country’s GDP at 2 percent per annum,” he said.

The DND is one of the government agencies with the biggest budget allocations, but it does not necessarily mean it goes for the purchase of new weapons.

For 2020, DND has a proposed budget of P189 billion for its regular funds. The money required to fund the military’s modernization program is not entirely included in the budget proposal.

According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s Military Expenditure Database, the Philippines spends 1.1 percent of its GDP on its armed forces.

The regional average stood at 1.9 percent.

Galido said if the defense expenditure will be at least 2 percent of the country’s GDP, the defense budget would be around P320 billion, which is still lower than the budget for the Department of Education.

The Constitution requires that education should be the top priority in the budget. The DepEd has the lion’s share of the proposed P4.1 trillion national budget for 2020 at P673 billion.

“This amount is a good benchmark for defense expenditure and a sure continuity of the modernization program to have a credible defense posture among neighboring countries,” Galido said.

The Philippine military remains to be among the most ill-equipped in Asia, even if it continues to modernize its army, navy, and air force.

“Notwithstanding the resources allocated for the defense program by our government, our neighboring Asean countries are spending more relative to their GDP, thereby making our modernization program incomparable,” Galido said.

The Philippine military’s modernization status can be attributed to the financial constraints and intricacies of procuring defense equipment, he said.

Philippine Navy fleet (photo : inquirer)

The official also noted that the modernization program has also focused mainly on materiel development, overlooking the other aspects of modernization – the human resource, doctrines and organization, bases/support systems development.

P251-B deficit seen

The military predicts a P251.38 billion budget deficit in carrying out the modernization program.

Galido said the military needs a total amount of P376.82 billion to fully implement the remaining 84 projects in the Horizon 1 and 2.

But only P125.6 billion is the programmed allocation for utilization from general appropriations and remittances from the Bases Conversion and Development Authority.

He said that in 2019, funds were sufficient to support the remaining requirements of the year through the rescheduling of other projects.

The AFP modernization is divided into three phases or horizons. Horizon 1 was implemented from 2013 to 2017; Horizon 2 runs from 2018 to 2022; while Horizon 3 is from 2023 to 2028.

The defense department is recommending an increase in the P25 billion yearly modernization budget from general appropriations.

Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana told lawmakers that while the amount is “better than nothing,” he admitted that it is not enough.

“We have been asking for reconsideration yearly. We ask for P60 billion, but it always goes back to P25 billion,” he said.

If the budget is increased to 2 percent of GDP as they have been pushing for a while now, Lorenzana said they would no longer need to ask for a separate budget of P25 billion yearly.

“Hindi ma-sustain ito. Palaging pumupunta para manghingi and sometimes the DBM (Department of Budget and Management) will not grant the request,” he said.

(This is unsustainable. We always have to go to DBM to ask for funds and sometimes they do not grant the request.)


Northrop Grumman to Support the Australian Defence Force’s Joint Data Network

11 November 2019

RAAF F-35 flies in formation with F/A-18 (photo : ADS)

CANBERRA, Australia – Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) has been awarded a contract by the Australian Defence Force Tactical Data Link Authority (ADFTA) to deliver tactical data link (TDL) systems and training as part of the development of the Australian Defence Force’s (ADF) Joint Data Network. ADFTA ensures TDL-functionality to achieve single, joint and combined TDL interoperability for the ADF.

“Northrop Grumman has extensive experience in networking and tactical data links across multi-domain forces, and a robust capability roadmap that will deliver increasingly enhanced data link technology in the years ahead,” said Chris Deeble, chief executive, Northrop Grumman Australia. “The Northrop Grumman engineers that delivered the F-35 Multifunction Advanced Data Link and communications, navigation and identification technologies will now be developing the ADF’s future TDL technology.”

The technology at the core of Northrop Grumman’s advanced multi-TDL system provides vital connectivity between legacy 4th generation platforms and advanced 5th generation platforms, as well as future data links and networks. This is critical as forces seek to maximize the long term value of existing platforms and systems by making certain that they can interoperate with emergent 5th generation capabilities.  

As a leading global systems integrator and data link provider, Northrop Grumman’s experience includes the software and hardware of individual communication systems; and the architectures, implementation and scalability of TDL systems and services.

Awarded earlier this year, the three-year contract advances the long-term relationship between Northrop Grumman and ADFTA.

Northrop Grumman is a leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in autonomous systems, cyber, C4ISR, space, strike, and logistics and modernization to customers worldwide. Please visit news.northropgrumman.com and follow us on Twitter, @NGCNews, for more information.

(Northrop Grumman)

10 November 2019

Skadron 13/Serbu Penerbad Siagakan Dukungan Pengamanan Perbatasan

10 November 2019

Skadron 13/Serbu helikopter berisikan helikopter AS-550 Fennec (photo : Prokal)

PROKAL.CO, TELUK BAYUR- Komandan Skadron 13/Serbu Letkol Cpn M Taufik Asyikin, tiba di Berau kemarin (7/11).

Saat ditemui awak media di Bandara Kalimarau kemarin, Taufik akan menjalankan amanah yang diembannya, untuk menyiapkan kekuatan dan kemampuan personelnya, dalam mendukung pengamanan dan pengawasan wilayah, khususnya di perbatasan negara.

Di awal-awal kepemimpinannya, dirinya akan menggenjot kemampuan fisik dan ketangkasan jajarannya. Sebab pihaknya harus siap dalam mendukung kegiatan operasional satuan-satuan angkatan darat, di bawah koordinasi Kodam IV/Mulawarman.

Rencana akan ada penambahan lagi heli AS-550 Fennec (photo : Fransesco Andrae)

Mengenai Alat Utama Sistem Pertahanan (Alutsista), rencananya juga akan dilakukan penambahan. “Yang sekarang baru 8 unit, rencana akan ada penambahan lagi,” katanya. Keberadaan Skadron 13/Serbu di Berau, merupakan satu-satunya di Kalimantan.

Terkait pengawasan wilayah perbatasan yang berada di bawah komando Kodam IV/ Mulawarman, pihaknya siaga dalam memberikan dukungan. “Jadi kami sifatnya mendukung. Kami sudah BKO (Bawah Kendali Operasi) helikopter ke Kodam,” pungkasnya.


Hyundai, Philippines to co-Operate on Future Orders of Naval Vessels

10 November 2019

MOU between HHI and DND on exclusive participation on design and build patrol frigates for the Philippines could be interpreted that HHI would submit improved variant of the Jose Rizal-class as Frigate or Corvette to meet Navy's future needs (photo : PN)

Hyundai, Philippines to co-operate on navy projects

South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) and the Philippines Department of National Defense (DND) have signed an agreement to expand collaboration on meeting the future requirements of the Philippine Navy (PN).

The memorandum of understanding (MOU) was signed on 8 November at the launch ceremony of the PN’s second HHI-constructed José Rizal-class frigate in Ulsan, South Korea. The first-in-class vessel was launched by HHI at the same location in May.

In a press release to publicise the launch, South Korea’s military procurement and export agency – the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) – said HHI and the DND also signed an MOU that “reaffirms [the two sides’] commitment to defence co-operation and [to prepare] opportunities to increase the possibility of future orders [of naval vessels]”.


PTDI Kembali Kirim Pesawat NC212i Kedua untuk Thailand

10 November 2019

Pesawat NC-212i pesanan Thailand (photo : PTDI)

Hari Pahlawan, PT DI Ekspor Satu Pesawat ke Thailand

BANDUNG, (PR).- PT Dirgantara Indonesia atau PT DI kembali melakukan pengantaran satu unit pesawat terbang NC212i untuk Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) Thailand, Minggu 10 November 2019.

Pengantaran pesawat yang bertepatan dengan peringatan Hari Pahlawam tersebut dilakukan di Hanggar Delivery Center PT DI, Jalan Pajajaran Nomor 154, Kota Bandung menuju Nakhon Sawan Air Base, Muang, Nakhon Sawan, Thailand. Pesawat direncanakan tiba pada 11 November 2019.

Pesawat NC212i yang dikirimkan melengkapi kontrak pengadaan 2 unit pesawat terbang NC212i antara PT DI dengan A.I.C.E. Enterprises (Thai) Co., Ltd. dengan end user Department of the Rain Making and Agricultural Aviation, MOAC Thailand.

Pesawat terbang NC212i pertama telah menjalani proses ferry flight pada 22 Oktober 2019. Ferry flight NC212i kedua, penyerahannya dilakukan lebih cepat sebulan dari jadwal sesuai kontrak yaitu Desember 2019.

Kepala Sub Direktorat Perencanaan Perusahaan dan Manajemen Program PT DI Iwan Krisnanto meninjau persiapan dan melepas ferry flight pesawat terbang NC212i.

Kapten Zulda Hendra sebagai Pilot In Command dan Kapten Billy Yudha Firmansyah sebagai kopilot menerbangkan NC212i dari Bandara Husein Sastranegara, Bandung menuju Bandara Hang Nadim, Batam, dan dilanjutkan ke Nakhon Sawan Air Base, Muang, Nakhon Sawan, Thailand, sebagai destinasi terakhir.

Manager Komunikasi Perusahaan & Promosi PT DI Adi Prastowo mengatakan, pesawat NC212i akan melakukan final acceptance oleh MOAC Thailand pada 12 November 2019.

Pesawat tersebut dapat digunakan sebagai passenger transport, VIP, cargo, rain making, troop/paratroop transport, dan medical evacuation yang dapat dipasang bergantian sesuai kebutuhan operasional MOAC Thailand.

“Pesawat NC212i tersebut telah sepenuhnya dikerjakan oleh PT DI. Artinya PT DI adalah satu-satunya industri pesawat terbang di dunia yang saat ini memproduksi pesawat NC212i,” katanya, Minggu 10 November 2019.

Peningkatan produksi

PT DI, sampai saat ini telah melakukan pengiriman pesawat dan helikopter, baik ke dalam dan luar negeri, sebanyak 445 unit.

PT DI memproduksi 115 pesawat NC212 untuk kebutuhan dalam dan luar negeri, dari total 586 unit populasi pesawat NC212 series di dunia.

Operator dalam negeri yang menggunakan pesawat NC212 series adalah TNI AU, TNI AD, TNI AL, Kepolisian, dan BPPT.

Pesawat NC212 series tersebut digunakan untuk kebutuhan angkutan sipil, militer, dan Maritime Surveillance Aircraft (MSA).

Operator luar negerinya adalah negara Thailand untuk pesawat angkut militer dan modifikasi cuaca, di Filipina dan Vietnam untuk pesawat angkut militer.

Kebutuhan pesawat NC212i dunia untuk 10 tahun ke depan yakni 255 unit. Rencana ekspansi PT DI adalah ke Asia Pasifik dan Afrika.

PT DI mulai tahun depan akan meningkatkan kapasitas produksi pesawat NC212i yang semula 4 pesawat per tahun menjadi 6 pesawat per tahun. Hal itu dilakukan untuk memenuhi target kebutuhan NC212i selama 10 tahun.

Pesawat NC212i merupakan pesawat multiguna generasi terbaru dari NC212 dengan kapasitas 28 penumpang, memiliki ramp door, kabin yang luas dikelasnya, sistem navigasi dan komunikasi yang lebih modern, biaya operasi yang lebih rendah, tetapi tetap kompetitif di pasar pesawat kecil.

(Pikiran Rakyat)

BAE Systems and ADF Showcase Autonomous Vehicles for Australian Army

10 November 2019

Two M113 fully autonomous armoured vehicles (photo : Army Recognition)

Two fully autonomous armoured vehicles were the centrepiece of a landmark demonstration for the Australian Army this week, providing crucial insights into the capabilities of integrated autonomous technologies on future battlefields.
The ‘battlefield simulation’ demonstration was held at the Majura Training Site where the Chief of Army observed the two M113 vehicles in operation.

In a six month project, engineers and technicians installed hardware and software in the vehicles enabling them to operate autonomously. The innovative autonomous technologies being explored could remove soldiers from future battlefields and enable a range of other applications including intelligence gathering and logistics support. The on-board systems have been designed to comply with the rules of engagement, which always require human in the decision-making loop.

BAE Systems Australia CEO Gabby Costigan said:

“This project highlights our commitment to leading the development of new technologies and collaborating across industry and academia to advance autonomous capabilities.

“BAE Systems Australia’s autonomous systems capability leverages more than three decades of collaboration between BAE Systems Australia and the Commonwealth Government through Programs such as Nulka and Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM).

“Autonomous technologies will support soldier responsiveness in an accelerating warfare environment - increasing their ability to outpace, out-manoeuvre and out-think conventional and unconventional threats.”

The BAE Systems autonomous technologies used for this project have already supported Australian and UK Autonomy programs such as Taranis, Mantis, Kingfisher UAS demonstrators as well as the multi-all terrain vehicle (MATV) and Digger unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) demonstrators.

With the technologies now integrated into the M113 prototype, the vehicles will now be used by the Army to experiment with to better understand the opportunities to employ autonomy on the battlefield as part of its recently released Robotics and Autonomous Systems Strategy.

The vehicles will also be used as test vehicles for technology developed by the Commonwealth’s recently announced Trusted Autonomous Systems Defence Cooperative Research Centre (TAS-DCRC).

The TAS-DCRC was announced by the Australian Government in 2017 under the Next Generation Technologies Fund to deliver game-changing autonomous systems that ensure trusted, reliable and effective cooperation between people and machines during military operations.

BAE Systems is a founding member of the CRC and the industry lead for Land Autonomy, working closely with Army and with Defence Science and Technology Group to ensure soldiers have what they need to be future ready.

(BAE Systems)

09 November 2019

H145 Delivered to Philippine Coast Guard

09 November 2019

H145 for Philippine Coast Guard (photo : PCG)

The Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas (Philippine Coast Guard) has taken delivery of the first of two brand new Airbus H145 helicopters.

The helicopter with serial CGH-1451 was delivered by airfreight on 5 November 2019. Since June this year, the H145 has been seen operating from Manching (Germany), training the new Philippine pilots, until it was returned to Donauwörth where it was dis-assembled for shipment.

H145 for Philippine Coast Guard (photo : PCG)

The new helicopters will be used in the maritime patrol, law enforcement, search and rescue and medical evauations role. The H145s will be based at Manila/Ninoy Aquino Intl, Col. Jesus A. Villamor AB, Pasay City where they will replace the two MBB Bo105s, the first of which was delivered in 1975. It is not yet known when the second H145 will be delivered.


Australia Handed Over Guardian-class Patrol Boat for Solomon Islands

09 November 2019

RSIPV Gizo, Guardian Class Patrol Boat for Solomon Islands (photo: Austal)

Australia supports Solomon Islands' security priorities

The Australian Government has today handed over the latest Guardian-class Patrol Boat RSIPV Gizo to the Solomon Islands at a ceremony in Henderson, Western Australia.

RSIPV Gizo was received by Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare and Minister of Police, National Security and Correctional Services Anthony Veke.

Minister for Defence, Senator the Hon Linda Reynolds CSC said the handover of the Patrol Boat reinforced Solomon Islands’ position as one of Australia’s key partners in the Pacific region.

“Australia and Solomon Islands have worked together over many years in support of our collective regional security goals and values,” Minister Reynolds said.

“Our partnership is founded on decades of engagement, further strengthened by the Australian Government’s commitment to assist Solomon Islands to build a police outpost and a Patrol Boat berth.”

RSIPV Gizo is the fifth of 21 Guardian Class patrol boats to be gifted to 12 Pacific Island nations and Timor-Leste under the Liberal National Government’s $2 billion Pacific Maritime Security Program.

Minister for Defence Industry, the Hon Melissa Price MP, who officially handed over the RSIPV Gizo to the Solomon Islands, congratulated the delegation on their new capability which is designed and built by Australian company Austal.  

“The Pacific Maritime Security Program builds on the success of the Pacific Patrol Boat Program and Australia’s commitment to deep engagement with Australia’s neighbours,” Minister Price said.

“The Guardian-class Patrol Boat Program is supporting 400 direct and indirect jobs here in Western Australia, and is a great example of Australian industry supporting our Pacific neighbours.”

(Aus DoD)

Wakil Menhan akan Tambah Anggaran untuk Kembangkan Industri Pertahanan

09 November 2019

Pemerintah akan membuka kesempatan sebesar-besarnya bagi industri pertahanan nasional untuk memproduksi alusista (image : naver)

Wakil Menteri Pertahanan (Wamenhan) Sakti Wahyu Trenggono mengatakan, bakal meningkatkan alokasi anggaran untuk pengembangan industri pertahanan nasional. Hal ini sesuai perintah Presiden Joko Widodo (Jokowi) saat menempatkannya sebagai Wamenhan. 

“Ya ditambah,” kata Trenggono di Kompleks Istana Kepresidenan, Jakarta, Jumat (8/11). Ia menegaskan, Kementeriannya bakal berusaha semaksimal mungkin mengembangkan industri pertahanan nasional.

Saat ini, Kementeriannya tengah menghitung penambahan alokasi anggaran tersebut. Karena itu, dia belum mau mengungkapkan detail terkait anggaran maupun nilainya. 

Ia mengatakan, bakal membuka kesempatan sebesar-besarnya bagi industri pertahanan nasional memproduksi alat utama sistem persenjataan (alutsista) yang dibutuhkan. Nantinya, pemerintah bakal memprioritaskan pesanan alutsista kepada industri pertahanan nasional.

Trenggono berharap cara tersebut bisa membuat industri pertahanan nasional lebih cepat maju. “Soal kesempatan saja. Kesempatan kasih order,” kata dia.

Kemenhan mengantongi Rp 108,36 triliun atau 4,4% dari total belanja pemerintah Rp 2.461,1 triliun pada Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN) 2019. Anggaran Kemenhan tahun ini merupakan terbesar kedua setelah Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat (PUPR) Rp 110,7 triliun.

Tahun depan, anggaran Kemenhan naik menjadi Rp 131,2 triliun dan merupakan yang terbesar. Alokasi itu melebihi Kementerian PUPR yang hanya Rp 120,2 triliun pada 2020. 

Tahun depan, 40% dari anggaran Kemenhan bakal dialokasikan untuk belanja pegawai atau naik 10% dibanding 2019. Peningkatan itu karena ada kenaikan tunjangan kinerja pegawai pada 2020. 

Kemudian, 30% anggaran Kemenhan bakal dialokasikan untuk belanja modal. Sisanya untuk biaya perawatan. 

“Dari anggaran belanja modal serta belanja perawatan yang ada itu proporsi yang diambil industri pertahanan nasional itu 31,6%,” kata Dirjen Potensi Pertahanan Kemenhan Bondan Tiara Sofyan. 

Menteri Keuangan Sri Mulyani sebelumnya menyebutkan, anggaran di Kemenhan pada 2020 meningkat seiring naiknya kebutuhan anggaran keamanan dan pertahanan. Terutama, karena Pemilihan Kepala Daerah (Pilkada) di 240 daerah bakal dilaksanakan tahun depan. 

Presiden Jokowi juga pernah menyampaikan bahwa anggaran pertahanan pada 2020 bakal meningkat drastis. Menurut Jokowi, hal ini dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan para prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI).


08 November 2019

South Korea Launches Philippine Navy’s Second José Rizal-Class Frigate

08 November 2019

The vessel is on track for delivery in 2021. South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) has launched the second José Rizal-class frigate on order for the Philippine Navy (photo : News1)

South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) has launched the second and final José Rizal-class multirole frigate on order for the Philippine Navy (PN).

The 107.5 m-long warship, which will be known as BPR Antonio Luna (pennant number 151) once commissioned, entered the water at HHI's facilities in the southeastern coastal city of Ulsan on 8 November in a ceremony attended by Philippine Secretary of National Defense Delfin Lorenzana and Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines General Noel Clement.

The 2,600-tonne vessel, which was laid down on 23 May, is scheduled to be handed over to the PN between September and October 2020, while delivery of first-of-class José Rizal (150), which was launched that same day, is expected to take place between April and May 2020.

The ships are derivatives of the HDF-3000 frigate design, which is a smaller version of the Incheon (FFX-1) frigate class operated by the Republic of Korea Navy (RoKN).

Both vessels were ordered by Manila under a PHP16 billion (USD316 million) contract awarded to HHI in 2016, with an additional PHP2 billion set aside for weapon systems and munitions, according to the state-owned Philippine News Agency (PNA).

The PN pointed out in a statement that the new vessels, each of which is armed with two 324 mm triple-tube torpedo launchers as well as surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles, are capable of carrying out a variety of missions, including anti-air surface (AAW), anti-surface warfare (ASUW), anti-submarine warfare (ASW), and electronic warfare (EW) operations.

As Jane's previously reported, the class will be equipped with two SIMBAD-RC surface-to-air missile launcher turrets, one each on the port and starboard sides. Other weapons onboard include a 76 mm Oto Melara Super Rapid naval gun in the primary position and one 30 mm 'SMASH' remote-controlled stabilised gun system from Turkey's Aselsan in the aft section.


Royal Thai Navy Konfirmasi Pembelian Dua Drone Vertkal

08 November 2019

Camcopter mendarat di kapal perang (photo : Schiebel)

Angkatan Laut Kerajaan Thailand telah mengkonfirmasi rencananya untuk membeli dua set sistem pesawat udara tak berawak pendaratan vertikal (VTOL) buatan Austria (UAS) dari Schiebel Group dengan biaya 600 juta baht.

Camcopter S-100 akan dikerahkan pada tahun 2020 ke distrik Pak Phanang di Nakhon Si Thammarat dan melengkapi pada beberapa fregat angkatan laut untuk melaksanakan misi intelijen, pengawasan dan pengintaian berbasis darat dan laut, menurut siaran pers yang dirilis yang diterbitkan di situs web Schiebel.

Kontrak pembelian ditandatangani oleh direktur jenderal Naval Acquisition Management Office, Laksamana Prachachart Sirisawat.

UAS akan menjadi pesawat VTOL tak berawak pertama milik angkatan laut, yang akan membantu angkatan laut memangkas biaya patroli keamanannya karena tidak perlu lagi menggunakan kapal besar yang mampu menampung helikopter untuk misi semacam itu, kata Adm Prachachart.

Helikopter drone akan ditempatkan di pangkalan angkatan laut baik di Teluk Thailand dan Laut Andaman, katanya, sebelum menambahkan bahwa kemampuan identifikasi target sistem tersebut kompatibel dengan sistem yang dipasang di seluruh armada angkatan laut.

Karena mereka dilengkapi dengan kamera pencitraan termal resolusi tinggi dan, pesawat mampu mengidentifikasi target dengan tingkat akurasi yang tinggi, katanya.

"UAS ini juga cocok untuk operasi penyelamatan di laut," katanya.

Unit-unit itu tidak membutuhkan area yang disiapkan khusus untuk mereka lepas landas dan mendarat, dan mereka mampu bekerja siang dan malam, dalam kondisi cuaca buruk dengan jangkauan maksimum hingga 200 kilometer, tambahnya.

Lebih lanjut, Laksamana Prachachart mengatakan, karena setiap UAS mampu terbang tanpa henti selama enam jam, mereka sangat cocok untuk patroli keamanan di perairan Asia Tenggara. Biaya 600 juta baht, katanya, sudah termasuk biaya pelatihan personil.

Adm Prachachart bersikeras bahwa pembelian itu "perlu" dan bahwa model itu terbukti sangat efisien.

"Beberapa tetangga kita mungkin sudah memilikinya," katanya.

(Bangkok Post)

Vietnam’s T-54M Battle Tank Modernization Program

08 November 2019

T-54M of the Vietnamese Army (photos : VTV1, QPVN)

The program was essentially divided into a three phases:

Phase 1: Israel Military Industries (IMI) modernizes a single Vietnamese tank

Phase 2: Factory Z153 modernizes three tanks under the supervision of IMI

Phase 3: Factory Z153 begins independently modernizing tanks on their own using components imported from IMI. The finalized amount of modernized tanks along with field acceptance tests marks the end of this phase.

There were some minor setbacks regarding the production amount of tanks, but it isn’t a huge problem. The modernization program works to enhance firepower, improve maneuverability, protection, and communication systems on the T-54B. As detailed below:

- The T-54’s D-10T 100mm cannon was fitted with heat insulating casing, minimizing stress to the barrel of the cannon when firing, and increasing the accuracy and precision up to 1.7-2.2 times.

- New ammunition types were introduced, the amount of ammunition in the tank was increased by 4 rounds, a fire control system w/ a viewfinder utilizing day & night non-cooling thermal imagery was installed along with laser and built-in rangefinders. Sensors were also installed.

- A digital ballistic computer combined with an in-vehicle stabilization system and new fire control system improves firing accuracy and can use multipurpose explosive and kinetic rounds. The firing range is also increased, bettering the tank’s ability to eliminate hostile targets.

- Modifications were made to adjust the engine power, a hydraulic control system for steering, brake, and clutch mechanism was installed, a new dim light amplifier was added

- The Russian RF2050 MultiBand Mobile Transceiver was replaced with a system capable of anti electronic warfare measures such as frequency hopping, digital encryption, & electronic protection. This new system improves the communication security of transmissions, increases the range of communications, and utilizes an MDIS (mobile data intermediate system).


DND Sets 2nd Rebidding for 2 new Landing Dock Vessels

08 November 2019

BRP Tarlac (LD-601) (photo : BairdMaritime)

The Department of National Defense (DND) has launched a second rebidding for Acquisition of Two (2) units New Construction Landing Dock (LD) Vessels with Four (4) units Landing Craft Utility (LCU) and Four (4) units Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB) with Integrated Logistics Support (ILS), after the initial bidding and first rebidding did not come into fruition.

Bid opening for this rebidding is set on November 26. The project has an approved budget for contract of PhP5,560,000,000.00.

“The builder shall grant the ownership of the vessel’s design to the Department of National Defense and the Philippine Navy,” according to bid documents published by DND.

According to DND, each vessel should be “able to quickly launch and recover the following: a minimum of two (2) Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB) from and to the cradle, AAV from and to the well deck and side ramps, and a minimum of two (2) Landing Craft Utility (LCU) from and to the well deck or two (2) MPAC MKIII from and to the cradle.”


Is the B-21 Bomber a Viable Option for Australia?

08 November 2019

B-21 Raider, bomber aircraft (image : Northrop Grumman)

Australia needs to consider its options for projecting greater military power in an age where we can’t assume that we’ll get assistance from the US whenever and wherever we need it.

In my recent Strategist series on projecting power with the F-35, I looked at options to overcome the jet’s inherent range limitations so it can project further into the vast expanses of the Indo-Pacific. It can be done to some extent, but all scenarios require large-scale investment in enabling capabilities—ranging from air-to-air tankers to off-shore bases—as well as capabilities such as ground-based air defence to protect it.

I’d planned to examine the full range of strike options before unveiling the punchline—namely, the B-21 Raider strategic bomber. But since ASPI analyst Catherine McGregor has reported that two former air force chiefs think we need strategic bombers, I’ll cut to the chase and look at whether that’s a viable option.

As context let’s review some history. Australia has operated long-range bombers in the past—the ‘G for George’ Lancaster bomber occupies pride of place in the Australian War Memorial. In the European theatre in World War II, the RAAF flew Halifax, Wellington and Lancaster bombers, and it also operated long-range strike aircraft including B-24 Liberators in the Pacific.

5,000-kilometre combat radius from Alice Springs (image : ASPI)

In the post-war period, Australia operated the Canberra bomber. The Canberra’s range was limited and it was replaced with the F-111C, which had a combat radius of over 2,000 kilometres as well as the ability to be refuelled mid-air. That put Jakarta within its range, and while it’s debatable whether Australia would have ever considered bombing our neighbour’s capital, the capability itself certainly got the Indonesians’ attention. And that’s the point of high-end strike capabilities—they act as a deterrent and shape others’ thinking even if they’re never used.

So we’ve recognised the need for long-range strike aircraft before. Today there aren’t many options for a strategic bomber. Unless we acquire used US B-52, B-1 or B-2 bombers (all of which would come with a serious downside), the only option is the B-21 being developed by the US Air Force (Unmanned systems are potentially another option, but there’s nothing out there right now.) There’s not a lot of information available about the B-21, but the USAF’s intent seems to be that it will be at least as capable as the B-2.

That suggests it will have an unrefuelled combat radius of around 5,000 kilometres. As shown in the figure below, that would allow it to operate from deep within Australia (I’ve used Alice Springs to illustrate the point) and still cover the entire archipelago to our northwest, the South China Sea, our South Pacific neighbours, and the gap between Guam and Papua New Guinea.

Because of its inherent range, the B-21 wouldn’t require air-to-air refuellers. Being based well inland, it wouldn’t be exposed to the same extent to the threats that our northern bases or offshore airbases are faced with. A strike platform like the B-21 would still require sophisticated enablers to find and precisely target an adversary in that huge combat radius. Those come at a substantial cost.

F-111C Aardvark of the RAAF (photo : Aviation Hub)

The B-21 could deliver a broad range of effects. A strike package of four aircraft could likely carry around 40–50 long-range maritime strike weapons, which would inflict unacceptable losses on any maritime or amphibious task force. If the target was the adversary’s forward operating bases, a first wave of aircraft could use long-range stand-off weapons to destroy their air defences (including aircraft on the ground), with each bomber in a follow-up wave delivering around 80 precision-guided  JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition) bombs, or around 200 small-diameter bombs.

Moreover, the bombers could return the next day, unlike a submarine which could need a month to return to the fight after going home to reload once it had launched its handful of strike missiles. No other system could deliver a comparable weight of fire. It would certainly get the attention and shape the military planning of any power that wanted to operate in that huge circle.

The B-21 could also be used tactically to deliver close air support to Australian and allied troops on the ground, as US bombers have done in the Middle East. A single B-21 could carry about as much ordnance as a squadron of F-35s but with greater range and persistence over the target and fewer enablers.

But it wouldn’t be able do everything. A B-21 won’t perform anti-submarine warfare in the same way as the ADF currently does it with a combination of ships, submarines and aircraft. But it could do it in a different way—for example, by striking enemy submarines in port or by air-dropping smart sea mines off those havens or in key choke points.

F-111C Aardvark of the RAAF (photo : riverinaleader)

Based on public information, it’s possible that Australia could get aircraft into service in the second half of the 2020s. So it couldn’t happen overnight, but it’s certainly faster than even the most optimistic future submarine schedule.

Of course, that great capability comes at a great cost. The USAF is aiming at a unit cost of US$564 million in 2016 dollars. That’s if it can get the 100 aircraft it wants and escape the death spiral of other programs like the B-2 and F-22, which cut production numbers to reduce program costs. That drove up unit costs, which in turn forced cuts to projected unit numbers. So we would probably be looking at a cost of around A$1 billion per aircraft.

It’s hard to know how many we’d need for a viable capability. The RAAF acquired 24 F-111Cs, followed by 15 F-111Gs, but at retirement there were only 13 left in service. The USAF is operating a fleet of 20 B-2s. Let’s assume the sweet spot is around 12 to 20 aircraft. Since total program costs are usually around 1.5 to 2 times the cost of the aircraft themselves, we’d be looking at around $20–40 billion. That’s a lot of money, but less than the cost of the future submarine program.

The real challenge is always affording the annual cash flow without gutting the defence budget. Unlike the future submarine program, which is drawn out over nearly 40 years, the bulk of the spending to acquire the B-21 would likely be compressed into five or six years, requiring around $5–6 billion per year. That’s over half of Defence’s capital equipment budget. And it’s more than the entire local shipbuilding program when it is up and running (which has been declared untouchable).

It’s hard to see Defence being able to afford that without a massive cash injection from the government. But if the government is serious about addressing our worsening strategic environment, the B-21 would be an investment that made both friends and potential adversaries sit up and take notice.